About Jesus Steve Sweetman
This Section - Chapter 9
this chapter we see Daniel interceding in prayer for his nation.
We must notice that even though he himself is a very righteous man,
he includes himself as a sinful person in Israel. This
is an important fact when praying on behalf of a nation or even the
one who prays should come before the Lord in humility by associating
himself with the sin of those he is praying for. This is the mark of a
true prayer warrior.
It is also the mark of a true prophet of God.
So, if you ever come in contact with one who considers himself or
herself as a prophet, and, if he or she isn't humble and prays like
Daniel; consider him or her not to be a prophet.
suggest that this chapter probably takes place around 532 B. C..
verse 2 we note that Daniel was reading from the book of Jeremiah.
It was probably Jeremiah 25:12.
He understands that the captivity of
is also important to understand just why God sent Judah
In 2 Chronicles 36:20 Ė 21 we note that the Sabbath land rests
that was mandated by the Law of Moses were not being kept by
verse 4 Daniel begins his prayer with recognizing that God is an awesome
God and that He keeps His covenants with those who love Him.
As in any time when we come to the Lord in intercessory prayers, we
should never jump in and give our requests right away like spoiled
We should take the time and give praise and thanks to Him for who
He is. Besides,
this acknowledgment in one sense of the word could be seen as humbly
reminding God of His promises.
I said earlier, Daniel in his prayer uses the pronoun "we".
He says that we have sinned, we are wicked, we have disobeyed, we
have not listened to your servants, and so on.
Daniel, although being a righteous man associates himself with the
verses 7 through 11 we see Daniel telling the Lord that
shame that Daniel speaks of is not only a refection on Israel
but also could be a reflection on the God of Israel by the rest of the
nations would view
verses 11 through 14 Daniel admits that
is important to understand that God is not afraid to destroy that which He
He was not afraid to destroy His peopleís city and their temple.
my thinking that God has in fact destroyed many Christian movements over
the centuries because theyíve failed to live as they should.
God causes the rise and fall of nations.
He causes the rise and fall of Christian movements and ministries
begins to plead with God in verses 15 through 17.
He says that Godís people have become a scorn to the rest of the
pleads that God would rescue
should be praying the same way about modern day
verses 17 through 20 the intensity of Danielís prayer increases.
He is requesting, and at this point fairly boldly, that God
intervene, but not because
of all, before we look at the rest of this chapter, we need to understand
the idea of a week in this particular context.
In western culture we understand a week to be a week of seven days.
To the Jew in Danielís day a week could mean more than just seven
could have a week of months, meaning seven months makes one week.
You could have a week of years, meaning, seven years equals one
put, a week means any seven periods of time.
If you don't understand this, you will not understand the rest of
else we need to consider is what a year in this time frame is.
Whether in Jewish history or Gentile history, a year consisted of
twelve thirty day months.
One year had three hundred and sixty (360) days.
This began to change in centuries following, but in Danielís day
he would have understood one year to have three hundred and sixty days.
verse 20 Daniel says that he is confessing "my sin".
Prior to this he was confessing "our sins", that is the
says that while he was confessing his sin and the sin of
verse 24 Gabriel told Daniel that "seventy sevens" were decreed
end time scholars there is no real controversy over the idea that these
seventy weeks means seventy weeks of years, or four hundred and ninety
times seven equals four hundred and ninety.
The controversy concerns the seventieth week.
I will explain this in the next two verses from the Futurist view
seventy weeks are needed to finish, or restrain transgression, put and end
to sin, atone for wickedness, to bring everlasting righteousness, seal up
the vision, and to prophesy and to anoint the most holy.
Pretty well everyone believes the "Most Holy" is Jesus.
everyone says that whatever the
verse 25 thereís something else Gabriel wants Daniel to know.
Gabriel now speaks of "seven weeks, plus sixty two
Thatís sixty nine weeks altogether.
He says that when these sixty nine weeks are complete then the
Anointed One will come.
Thereís no controversy over who the Anointed One is.
He is Jesus.
Also, Gabriel actually tells Daniel where to start counting these
sixty nine weeks.
You start counting when
is some misunderstanding on this point.
Some have counted these sixty nine weeks from the time Cyrus let
these sixty nine weeks have been finished, the Anointed One will come.
Then, "He will be cut off".
Iím sure you can understand this to be the death of Jesus.
He was cut off from among His own people when He was executed on
without getting into detail, prophetic Futurists say the following.
Gabriel speaks of sixty nine weeks, of which we understand to be
sixty nine weeks in which every week had seven years.
This totals four hundred and eighty three (483) years. (7x69)
When you consider calendars back then had three hundred and sixty
(360) days in a year; the total number of days in four hundred and eighty
three (483) years is 173,880 days.
What prophetic Futurists do is begin there count at April 14, 445
B. C. when
Israel was given permission to rebuild the city of Jerusalem.
When adding the 173,880 days from that point in time it comes
close, but not exactly, to the day Jesus entered Jerusalem
for the last time.
After calculating other things, such as leap years, prophetic
Futurists calculate the exact day when Jesus entered the city of
April 14, 445 B. C. date and the April 6, 32, A. D. date is not accepted
by everyone, but those who derive other dates are not too far off of these
importantly, all refer to the same events, that is, the time of rebuilding
the separation of the sixty nine weeks into seven and sixty two, many
believe that the seven weeks represent the time it took to rebuild Jerusalem.
then says the "people of the ruler will come and destroy the
The people of the ruler are the Roman soldiers that totally
devastated and destroyed the whole city of
this point the separation in thinking comes between the Historic view and
the Futurist view.
The rest of the chapter says that wars will come; the end will come
like a flood until the desolation has been completed.
The Historic view believes all this and what is mentioned in the
next verse, all took place around 70 A. D. when
verse 27 it says, "He will confirm a covenant with many".
Futurists believe the pronoun "he" refers to the
is also in reference to the ruler just spoken about in the verse before,
and he would be the emperor of the
covenant that this anti-christ confirms
understanding the book of Revelation from a prophetic Futurist viewpoint,
one can see how Revelation and Daniel, especially chapter 9, fit together
again we should note Jesusí words in Matthew 24:15 where He speaks of
the "abomination of desolation".
Jesus specifically referred us back to the book of Daniel to help
us understand what He was saying.
Obviously, in Jesusí mind this event had not yet happened,
even though a similar event did take place under Antiochus Epithemy.
Thus the double meaning to the term "abomination that causes
desolation", or, possibly a triple meaning if you consider the