About Jesus Steve Sweetman
This Section - Chapter 8
are a few things to note before getting into the vision of this chapter.
It took place before the fall of
verse 2 Daniel says, "In my vision I saw myself in Ö
vision is found in verses 3 through 14. I
will briefly describe it. Daniel
saw a ram with two long horns. One of these horns was longer than the
other and that horn grew slower than the shorter one. This
ram charged in three directions, west, north, and south.
It was fierce and no other animal could stop the ram from its
Daniel was thinking of this he saw a goat flying across the land from the
west with one horn between his eyes. He
was going so fast that his feet were not touching the ground and he
totally demolished the ram. Soon
after, the goat's horn broke into pieces and four other horns took its
one of the four horns another smaller horn emerged and became powerful and
spread its influence to the east and to the south and to the "Beautiful
horn grew in such power that it threw down the stars or heavenly host and
exalted himself to be as great as the Prince of these hosts.
This horn took away the daily sacrifices and disrupted temple
worship. The host of the
saints and daily sacrifices were given over to this horn.
The vision closes with two people in the vision speaking to each other. One person asked how long the temple will be given over to the horn. How long will this "rebellion that causes desolation" take place? The other person says that it will take place for twenty three hundred (2300) days. After that the temple will be reconsecrated.
receives the interpretation to this vision but like the last vision,
scholars have spent much time interpreting its meaning.
This vision is harder to figure out.
One reason why itís harder to figure out is that it appears two
have duel interpretations.
That is, it had a fulfillment in Old Testament times, and it
appears to have a fulfillment in New Testament times, especially because
Jesus Himself comments on a phrase that is used in this vision. Therefore,
there is more controversy over the meaning of this visionís
interpretation than the last vision, even among prophetic Futurists.
thing you should know concerning prophecy is that many Old Testament
prophecies do have double, and even in a few cases, triple fulfillment.
verses 15 and 16 we see a man ask Gabriel the angel to tell Daniel the
meaning of this vision.
see Gabriel mentioned four times in the Bible.
Two of these times are here in Daniel.
The other two times are found in Luke where he announces to the
birth of John the Baptist to Elizabeth
and the birth of Jesus to Mary.
It seems that Gabriel has something to do with prophetic history.
The name Gabriel means "the strong man of God".
first thing that Gabriel tells Daniel is that the vision concerns the
times of the end.
The end means the end of this age.
It doesn't mean the end of the Old Testament period.
verse 19 Gabriel tells Daniel that the vision concerns the "time of
wrath" and "the appointed time of the end".
A brief reading of the book of Revelation will tell you that the
time of wrath is in reference to Godís wrath that takes place in what
has been called the Great Tribulation that ends this age.
This vision is pure end time prophecy.
are two major reasons for the Great Tribulation and both have to do with
God's wrath being poured out in judgment.
Israel is judged severely by God in order to bring her to her knees in
She does repent in the end.
Then, the nations of the world are judged for their wickedness,
especially their evil treatment of Israel.
the word "appointed" in this verse.
This is yet another word to suggest that God has a time table.
The end has an appointed time in history.
It doesnít come about when the church gets perfected as
Replacement Theology teaches.
It doesnít come about by anything we can do.
God won't decide at a future date when the end comes.
He's already predetermined that.
verse 20 Gabriel clearly states that the two horns represent Media and Persia. Now
this is interesting because when Daniel saw this vision the Medo-Persian
Empire was not in existence as a world empire.
This vision took place in the times of the Babylonian Empire.
The Medes and the Persians were not yet in power.
Another thing to note is that the Medes and the Persians were
enemies of each other.
They only joined forces for one reason, and that was to conquer
throws in a curve ball into the whole scenario.
Gabriel said that this vision concerned the end of the age, yet now
he says the two horns represent the next world empire after Babylon. Thatís
far from the end of the age.
This clearly suggests a double fulfillment.
then says that the goat is the Empire of Greece and its horn was its first
verse 22 Gabriel says that the four horns represent four parts of this
kingdom that will emerge but will be weaker as a result.
History tells us that after Alexander the Great died Greece
was split into four different areas with four different rulers.
verses 23 to 25 we see that in the later part of this kingdom another
great ruler will emerge.
This ruler will be devastatingly powerful but his power wonít be
He will count himself as superior.
He will fight and destroy "the mighty men of the holy
this time his battle will turn towards the Prince of Princes and he will
lose the battle.
believe that you can see clearly that this man is prophetic of the
The Prince of the Princes is prophetic of Jesus.
The mighty men of the holy people are Godís people who will die
as seen in the book of Revelation. I
tend to believe these people are Jews.
then tells Daniel that this vision concerns "the distant future"
and to seal up the vision.
Daniel was so terrified about this vision that he was literally
sick for a number of days.
reaction to this vision tells us something about true prophets of God.
They are prophets because they speak the prophetic word from the
prophetic words aren't always predicting the future.
It can be as simple as telling people what God wants them to hear,
and, sometimes what God wants people to hear are stern words of judgment.
These stern words of judgment often make the real prophet full of
life of a real prophet isn't always a happy to lucky life.
A prophet is one who has been severely humbled by the Lord.
Arrogance in a so-called prophet should tell you that the man is
not a prophet.
interesting fact is the symbol the Persian kings wore was a rams head, and
the ram represented the Medo-Persian kingdom. This
vision is pretty precise.
the Great was the king of
in the vision, the kingdom was indeed divided
four parts, each having its own leaders.
four parts, each having its own leaders.
records that when Alexander came to Jerusalem
to attack the city, the high priest read this chapter to him and he
realized that the vision concerned him and so he left
wonder if the horn here is not the same as the little horn of the last
would mean this horn that rose up would not be the anti-Christ, but I
believe at the moment that it does fit the description of the anti-Christ.
this vision the horn that rises up comes to the temple and desecrates it.
This literally happened in 167 B. C. when Antiochus Epithemy, King
of Greece, came to the temple and sacrificed a pig which would have been
blasphemous to Jews.
He also set up an idol to the god of Jupiter in the most holy place
term "host of heaven" in the vision has two possible
interpretations. It is used a few other places and could be seen as either
angels or Godís people.
of the problem with trying to understand this prophecy actually stems from
the words of Jesus.
In Matthew 24:15 Jesus says, "so, when you see the abomination
of desolation spoken of by the prophet DanielÖ"
By saying these words in the tense they are stated, Jesus is
referring to a future event.
The prophecy concerning these words was clearly fulfilled in 167 B.
C., so why did Jesus make this a future event that needed to be fulfilled?
The only answer is this.
Some, if not many, Old Testament prophecies have a double
This is something that is believed by many prophetic Futurists, if
not most Bible teachers.
This would be one of those prophecies.
It had one fulfillment in Old Testament times, yet beyond that
fulfillment there is a future fulfillment.
Prophetic Futurists believe its final fulfillment is at the end of
the age and deals with the anti-Christ, something that can easily be seen
in the wording of the prophecy.
who hold to the historic view point of prophecy say that the destruction
a reference to twenty three hundred (2300) days between the desecration of
the temple and its rededication.
Scholars are clearly divided on the meaning of this time.
There is no general consensus other than the possibility that it
seems that there was roughly twenty three hundred (2300) days between the
prophecyís Old Testament fulfillment between the desolation and the
rededication of the temple.
This is even debatable.
It does not fit into the three and half year scenario or any other
numbered scenario in the book of Revelation.
the vision this fierce king that brought desolation to the temple was one
of the four horns that replaced the big horn.
This in fact was Antiochus Epithemy who desecrated the temple in
Antiochus came from and ruled over what today is known as Syria. This
king represents the end time anti-Christ as well.
people feel that the anti-Christ will come out of