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10:5-19 ch. 10:20-31-34
(ch. 10:5 - 19)
the title to this section suggests, this chapter is about the judgment
that will come on Assyria for their treatment of both the northern
and the southern
of Israel. We need to realize that
God used Assyria to judged the northern kingdom of Israel. They were doing God's will
by attacking the northern kingdom. Yet,
even though Assyria was used by God, God will judge Assyria for what she
does to Israel. The same is true of
Babylon. God uses
to judge Assyria for how they treated Israel, then, he turns around and judges
Babylon, even though He used her as well.
fell to the Mede and Persians just because
she attacked the southern
Assyrian empire lasted 700 years.
5 begins by saying, "woe to the Assyrian".
The Assyrian is the king of
Assyria. That being said, most all Biblical
Prophetic Futurists believe "the Assyrian" is a
reference to the anti-Christ for a number of
some suggest that the anti-Christ will be a modern day equivalent to an
Assyrian. Others don't
necessarily believe the anti-Christ has to be an Assyrian, and then,
you'd have to determine who is an Assyrian today.
The original Assyria was in northern Iraq, but as you know, the empire spread all across the middle east, so,
just what part of the middle east the anti-Christ will come from would
5 is simply saying that Assyria is the tool of God to bring judgment to
the northern kingdom of Israel.
is God's club. We see the
same in verse 6. The
godless nation spoken of in verse 6 is the northern kingdom of Israel.
in verse 7 that God is using Assyria to judge the northern kingdom of
, but Assyria has more than just
is out to take over all nations, and that she did.
She became the biggest world empire to that point in history.
You might want to note that in like manor, the anti-Christ has
his eye on Israel, but ultimately he wants the world.
We must remember that the Lord will use the anti-Christ to judge
one last time. That is
really the number one reason for what we call the Great Tribulation.
The second reason is then to judge the nations of the world that
Israel. The same pattern we see
throughout the Old Testament is seen in the last seven years of this
age. God will use the
anti-Christ and his empire to judge
Israel, then, when that is complete, God judges the anti-Christ and his empire
for coming against
9 can be simply summarized by saying the cities mentioned here are a
contrast between current victories of war with previous victories of
war. This is all about
11 is a warning to the south. As
God was to deal with the northern kingdom, at some future point He will
deal with the southern kingdom.
verses 12 to 14 we see
bragging. I'll just point out a few, and by so doing, compare what I
point out to the anti-Christ. Verse
13 states that the Assyrian will remove the boundaries of nations.
This speaks of him taking over these nations and bringing them
into his empire, the same way that the anti-Christ will do at the end of
Assyrian plundered the treasures of those nations he overthrew.
The anti-Christ and his empire will plunder the economies of the
nations he will overthrow. His
economic victories are a major part of his empire as seen in the number
12 says that God will punish the king of
for all he does, and, all he does is based on pride.
Pride is one of the main characteristics of the anti-Christ.
In one real sense of the word, pride is the root of all sin.
Pride is probably what God hates most.
It was pride that caused satan to fall.
Satan tempted Eve with pride and it was pride that caused her to
be deceived. She thought she
could be like God. That's
12 states that when God is finished His work with the southern kingdom,
He will then punish
. He will cause her to fall.
overthrew Assyria in 606 B. C., and, in the process partially overthrew
finally fell in 586 B. C..
15 asks a question.
"Does an ax rise up against the one who swings it".
Verses 15 and 16 give the clear picture of what is going on here.
is the ax. She is a tool in
the hand of the Lord to bring judgment on Israel. Yet, in so doing, she
rises up against God Himself and thus another instrument, another ax in
the hand of the Lord will cut her down.
That ax is
Babylon. Again, the Abrahamic
Covenant comes into play here. He
will be blessed and he that curses
will be cursed. Even though
God used Assyria to judge the northern kingdom of
, the very fact that Assyria attacked the north, and wanted to do so all
along, she would be subject to God's judgment herself for cursing Israel.
17 is a Messianic verse. The
Holy One and the Light spoken of here refers to Jesus.
pronoun "him" in verses 17 and 18 refers to the king of
who he and his empire will be destroyed as this passage says by the Holy
One of Israel. This did take
in one short hour.
17 and 18 also speak of the anti-Christ at the end of this age, who he
and his empire, will be thrown down and destroyed by Jesus.
I don't think there is any way around not seeing these verses
referring to the end of this age as well as the fall of
. We must realize that most
Old Testament prophecy has a double, sometimes triple, fulfillment.
Remnant (ch. 10:20 - 34)
verse 20 the words "in that day" have to refer to the end of
this age. The context makes
that clear. This section
speaks of a restoration of
that has never happened in human history.
This is an end time prophecy.
last section spoke of the judgment on
was judged by God by being overthrown by the Babylonians.
If you continue into this section in the same vein, that is, Babylon
overthrowing Assyria, you would think that when that happened in 606 B.
would have been restored. That
didn't happen. So, I believe
there are two things to consider here.
One is that this section is an end time prophecy.
Two is that the last section has a double fulfillment; one being
in 606 B. C. and the other being at the end of this age.
If that is so, then Assyria
represents the anti-Christ empire at the end of this age.
That makes sense to many prophetic futurists since they believe
"the Assyrian" spoken of here and elsewhere is prophetically
symbolic of the anti-Christ.
the word "remnant" in verse 20.
A remnant is a smaller part of something larger.
At the end of this age, as predicted in many places in the Bible,
there will be a remnant of Israelis who will return to their God.
also the phrase, "survivors of the house of Jacob".
The term "house of Jacob" usually refers to all of
, although we know that the northern kingdom of
never returned to nationhood. It
was through the southern
that returns into nationhood, and, in the southern kingdom are those
from all 12 tribes of Israel. The word
"survivor" here speaks of the Battle of Armageddon when
thinking of this section as an end time prophecy.
this point in history, as verse 20 states,
will no longer rely on them that struck them down.
From the time that
overthrew the southern
in 586 B. C., Israelis have been under someone's domination.
it was the Persians, then the Greeks, and then the Romans.
After that, they were scattered all over the world, under
domination of the nations in which they live.
It wasn't until 1948 when Israelis once again became a nation
that they have experience no such domination.
That being said, there is so much pressure on Israel that I'm
sure at times they feel like they're under domination by the world
this is truly an end time prophecy in this section, then, the domination
here might well be the domination of the anti-Christ.
This is likely because many, if not most, prophetic futurists
will agree to a treaty with the anti-Christ which brings a measure of
peace, but at the same time brings a measure of domination by the
this domination ends and Jesus defeats the anti-Christ, this remnant of
will rise and serve her God, who is, the God and Father of our Lord
Jesus Christ, as verse 20 states.
21 basically repeats verse 20. A
remnant of Israelis will return to their "Mighty God", or, as
the Hebrew states, "to the God of armies", the God who returns
to earth in Jesus along with this army.
22 confirms the Abrahamic Covenant.
will be as many as the sands of the sea.
God promised that to Abraham and He will fulfill that promise,
but something He didn't promise Abraham was that not all of His
descendents would be faithful to their God.
22 states that "only a remnant will return''.
I believe this means that only a remnant will return to both
their land and to their God. You
cannot separate the return of
to their land, which comes first, and to their God, which comes after.
If you read Ezekiel 36 and 37 you will see this to be true.
22 also says the "destruction has been decreed, overwhelming and
destruction you think this means, it was decreed by the Lord God before
it took place. It was not a
last minute idea in the mind of God.
That being said, if you maintain the future end time aspect to
this prophecy, the destruction spoken of here would be that of the
anti-Christ and the Great Tribulation that ends this age.
Note that this decreed destruction is both overwhelming and
righteous. Jesus spoke of
these days in terms of being so bad that human history will have never
seen such times. And, the
things taking place, which is God's judgment, are righteous.
Many do not understand that when God judges, when He pours out
His wrath, He is motivated by righteousness and nothing else.
23 is confirmation of verse 22. The
whole land, which I believe is the
Israel, will see total destruction as we see in Ezekiel 38 and 39 and
throughout the book of Revelation and elsewhere.
also, it's the Lord Almighty, the Lord of armies, it is He who carries
out this destruction. He is
behind the Battle of Armageddon that ends this age.
of the bright future Isaiah has just prophesied, God says to these
Israelis not to be afraid in verses 24 to 27.
His anger will turn from
Assyria, which it did. The same
will take place at the end of this age.
27 speaks of a revival that would take place in
Israel, that is,
Judah, the southern kingdom
Israel. For this reason, God would
verse 28 to the end of the chapter you see a number of cities mentioned.
These cities are in order of distance away from
Jerusalem. They represent the route
the Assyrian army would take on their way to invade
Jerusalem. They'd get right to the
city and then miraculously God would intervene and save
Judah. Examples of this are as follows. Aiah 30 miles north east of
Jerusalem; Micmash 7.5 miles from
, Geba 6 miles away, Gibeah 4 miles away, Madmenah is 1 mile away, Nob
is just inside of Jerusalem.
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