About Jesus Steve Sweetman
Branch Of Jesus (ch. 11:1 -16)
In verse 1 you note the
name "Jesse". From
the Hebrew it means "man' or "manly".
Jesse was King David's father.
Note also the word
"Branch" being capitalized in verse 1. There is no doubt this
verse, and this chapter, is a Messianic passage of the Bible.
The Branch is Jesus. Jesus
came from the lineage of David, and thus from the lineage of Jesse.
Jesse is portrayed here as a stump, and from that stump a
"Branch" would shoot forth that would be very fruitful.
Jesus is named the Branch also in Jeremiah 23:5, 33:15, Zechariah
3:8, and 6:12. One thing to
note about the Jeremiah and Zechariah passage is that there is a different
Hebrew word used that is translated as "Branch" than what is
translated as "Branch" here in Isaiah 11:1.
In the Jeremiah and Zechariah passages the Hebrew word "tsemach"
is used. Here in Isaiah the
Hebrew word "netser" is used.
Both of these words mean sprout.
Some suggest that Isaiah
is using a pun, a literary device, to help his prophetic imagery.
A pun is one word sounding like another word, both having different
meanings, but connecting the meanings together in a sentence.
The point here is that the Hebrew word "netser" sounds
like the Hebrew word "naziur".
"Naziur" is translated into English as "Nazarite"
or, "Nazarene". In
Matthew 2:23 Jesus is called a "Nazarene" because He came from
"Nazareth", as Matthew said the prophets said.
Well, we don't know what prophets said this.
The closes we can come is here in Isaiah 11:1, and, you can only
see this if you understand the pun the Isaiah might well be making here.
Verse 1 speaks of the
Branch bearing fruit. If the
Branch is Jesus, then the fruit are Christians.
Notice in verse 2 we see
the seven Spirits of God, or, as some people suggest, as I do, the
"seven fold Spirit of God".
We see the Spirit of the Lord, of wisdom, of understanding, of
counsel, of power, of knowledge, and of the fear of the Lord.
Most all Bible teachers say this is the Holy Spirit.
You can say it this way, "the seven fold Spirit of God"
is the Holy Spirit as seen in these seven characteristics.
We see the same
terminology of the seven spirits of God used in Revelation 1:3, 4:5, and
5:6. This is another example
of most all of what you see in the book of Revelation is found in the Old
Verse 3 says that
"He will delight in the fear of the Lord".
The pronoun "He" refers to the Branch, meaning
"He" refers to Jesus. Jesus
will "delight in fearing God".
I might add, we should delight in fearing God as well.
I don't know why we as Christians downgrade fear to mean only
reverence. Fear is fear.
To fear means to be afraid. Yes,
fear is reverence, but it is more than simple reverence.
In one real sense of the word, we are to be afraid of God.
He is a consuming fire, as stated in Hebrews 12:29.
A consuming fire is something to fear, something to run from.
There are a number of
dichotomies in the Bible and this is one.
We are to fear God, yet love Him at the same time.
This may be hard to understand.
I explain it this way. We
fear God. We sense the need to
run from Him we fear. We run
to run but realize there's no place to run and hide from God, so, we turn
back towards Him and embrace Him for rescuing us from our sin.
Note that Jesus
"delights" in fearing God. The
word "delight" and "fear" aren't normally associated
in the same sentence, but in this case they are.
Delight is a heart thing. From
the heart, Jesus was totally content, even delighted in being afraid of
His Father. That being said,
it is the love between the two that in part glues them together.
Also in verse 3 we see
how Jesus judges. He does not judge simply by what He sees or hears. That's
why in John 7:24 Jesus commands us not to judge by mere appearances but
judge righteously. Way too
often we make judgment calls based on appearances without digging into the
matter and judging based on the truth of the matter.
Jesus doesn't tell us not to judge.
He tells us to judge righteously.
Verse 4 states that Jesus
will judge with righteousness. Only
Jesus can judge with righteousness. Only
He sees the heart of man to make the necessary righteous judgment.
Also in verse 4 we note
who this judgment is directed to. It's
directed to the needy. He will
judge and make decisions concerning the needy with righteousness.
The question is, "when does Jesus do this"?
Is He doing it now in Heaven? I
say no. Again, in the book of
Revelation we see the fulfillment of this prophecy.
In Revelation 19:15 we see Jesus striking the earth with the rod of
His mouth and ruling the nations with a rod of iron.
The rod speaks of discipline and judgment.
At the end of the age, Jesus will defeat the nations of this world
in the Battle of Armageddon and then rule them with a rod of Iron for one
thousand years. Margaret
Thatcher has been called "the iron lady".
That might make Jesus "the iron man".
The hallmark of Jesus
reign on earth is seen in verse 5. He
is faithful and righteous. Everything
that Jesus does is based on these two character traits.
Being faithful, that is, true to His word, and righteous, that is,
acting rightly, is who Jesus is, and always will be.
In verses 6 through 9 we
see a time when all the animals of the earth will be at peace with one
another. The text states that
even children will play with snakes and not be hurt.
In verse 6 the pronoun "them" refers to the animals.
Children will lead the wild animals around as if they are pets. The
question is, "when will this take place"?
Some say this will take place on the new earth as seen at the end
of the book of Revelation. Others
suggest it is during the thousand year rule of Jesus on earth.
We can say for sure that when we live on the new earth after the
thousand years, the animals, along with all mankind, will be in perfect
peace with one another, but this just might be the same peace during the
thousand year rule of Christ as well.
All of the above being
said, I suggest that the animal world will be at peace with one another
during the thousand year rule of Christ for what is said in verse 10.
Verse 10 begins by saying, "in that day".
What day is this verse referring to?
It's the day when the animals will be at peace with one another.
So, in the day when animals will be at peace with one another, certain
things that are mentioned in the next few verses will be happening.
In the day when animals
will be at peace with one another will be the day when "the Root of
Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples and the nations will rally to
Him, and the place of His rest will be glorious".
I think that says it clearly. In
the thousand years of Jesus' rule, His banner, or you might say His flag,
will fly over the nations of the world.
His place of rest, that is Jerusalem, will be one glorious place to live and visit.
This has to be the thousand year rule of Christ.
There are many other passages that say the same thing or something
similar, and they refer to this thousand years.
Verse 11 is important.
It says that in that day the Lord will reach out His
hand for a second time and reclaim the surviving remnant of Israel.
I believe this
is speaking of the end of this age, when Jesus will finally have the
remnant of Jews for Himself. The
Old Testament is clear on this. First
the Jews return to their nation. They've
been doing that throughout the twentieth century.
Of course, in 1948 they got their nation to return to, but, that's not the end of the matter.
The end of the matter is the Jews returning to their God, and as
Paul states in Romans 11, there will be a remnant of Jews who will be
saved and claim Yahweh as their God for good.
This is what I believe this verse is speaking of.
Notice that this is the second time that God will
reach out His hand and reclaim the remnant of the Jews.
The first time this took place was when Jesus came to earth to
minister to the Jewish people. A
remnant of Jews did come to Him as He reached out His hand to them.
A remnant of Jews was reclaimed for the Lord at that time, but,
again, a second reclamation will take place at the return of Jesus to
Amos 9:15 is a key
passage when thinking about these things.
It states that once God "plants" Israelis back in her
land, He will never drive them out again.
Verse 12 says that
"He will raise the banner for the nations".
This speaks of the rule of Jesus over the nations in those thousand
Verse 12 also speaks of
the Jews finally being gathered from the four quarters of the earth, not
just from the lands around
In 70 A.D., after
Notice in verse 13.
You see Ephraim and Judah mentioned.
Ephraim is the ten northern tribes of
Note in verse 13 that Judah
had two enemies. One was her
brother, that is, the northern kingdom of
Verse 14 lists the
enemies of Israel
over the years. They are in
all four directions of Israel. Israel
will conquer them. This tells
me that during the thousand year rule of Christ, Israel
will have more land than what they presently have.
For example, they will have land right over to the Euphrates
When Jesus returns to
earth, there will be some drastic changes to the landscape in the
There appears to be some
discrepancy concerning the
In verse 14 you see
Verse 16 speaks of a
"highway for the remnant left from
This along with other
prophetic passages gives us a hint of how this age will end, what it will
look kike, and what the thousand year rule of Christ will look like as