About Jesus Steve Sweetman
This Section - Chapter 11
mentioned before how liberal scholars late date the Book of Daniel because
of what it says about history. These
liberals say that the accounts of this book had to have been written after
the fact. Still, Daniel
received these prophetic visions from God long before they happened.
This chapter gives more and clearer detail of history that had not
yet taken place when Daniel lived. I
will not go into the details of this history.
It is very exhaustive. Youíll
need to go elsewhere to find the historic facts of this chapter.
They can be found in non-biblical history.
looking at this chapter we need to understand that from verses 1 through
36 concerns precise historical events that are factually based and can be
found in non-biblical history books. All that is written in the first 36
verses is pure history. The
history lesson changes around verse 36 to the end of the chapter.
Prophetic Futurists believe this part of the chapter deals with end
time prophecy. The middle part of this chapter, from around verses 21 to
36 speaks of a combination of Antiochus Epiphame and the anti-Christ. In
these middle verses we see a transition between the two men.
Some things apply to both. Some
apply only to Antiochus or the anti-Christ.
It is clear that some of these things did not take place with
Antiochus, therefore, have to be set in a future setting.
verses 1 through 4 we see that there will be three more kings in the
Medo-Persian Empire that will give way to another king, or kingdom, which
is Alexander the Great as weíve already discussed.
We need to note that the Hebrew word translated as "king"
can also be translated as "kingdom".
Only the context will tell you how to translate the word.
After Alexander the Great dies
verses 5 through 21 we see the history lesson of the kings of Mede and
verses 21 to 36 we begin to see some things that cannot be found in
history, and beyond verse 36 all cannot be found in history.
Thus prophetic Futurist sees verses 21 to 36 as a transition into
the last part of this chapter that describes the end of our present age.
we noted before, Antiochus Epiphame is a type, is prophetically symbolic
of the anti-Christ that will appear at the end of this age.
verses 27 and 29 we see again the words "appointed time". God
has a time table of events that will be accomplished both in the heavenly
realm and here on earth. He's
got it all predetermined. He
will do certain things at certain times, yet beyond the specific things He
will do, these verses suggest that His time table includes the rise and
fall of nations. As we learned
earlier in Daniel, God will put in power those He wants and remove from
power those He wants removed.
30 and 31 speak of "the desolation that causes abomination".
Once again, this is when Antiochus Epiphame takes over the Jewish
temple, offers a pig as a sacrifice in the temple, and sets up an idol in
the Holy of Hollies. Jesus refers to this event as if it had not happened.
Thus, Jesus clues us in on how we should understand this vision.
Though it had some historical significance, Jesus says that this
will happen again at the end of the age.
See (Matthew 24:15.
33 says that "those who are wise will instruct many".
Jesus tells us, and the vision tells Daniel, that we are to be wise
and understand these things and those who do understand should and will
teach others. Understanding prophetic history takes lots of study and lots
of wisdom, something many have no interest in.
I do believe that God is calling, and will call as time goes on,
some to the ministry of end times understanding.
We should pay close attention to these teachers.
verse goes on to say that some of these wise people will be killed.
I believe this will take place in the Great Tribulation as seen in
Revelation 6. Then, in the
next verse we see that some of these wise men will actually stumble.
It doesnít say they will fall away, only stumble so they can be
refined. They will be made
pure and spotless "until the time of the end".
Pure and spotless are New Testaments words and so you can see,
along with the words "until the end" that this verse speaks of
the end of the New Testament age. This
speaks to the persecution of the saints that I believe takes place in the
last days, both just prior to the Great Tribulation and during the time of
tribulation. Many saints are
killed for their faith in the Great Tribulation.
You can see these saints in Revelation 6.
They cry out to God, asking Him to avenge their blood.
again, in verse 35 we see that the end has an "appointed time".
How clear can it be? God
has all things planned out.
the writers of the NIV and other translations feel the rest of this
chapter should be distinguished from the preceding verses because of what
is written. For this reason
they separate this section from the previous verses.
verse 36 we see this king who prophetic Futurists say is the anti-Christ.
He sets himself up as being more important than the God of gods.
He does what he pleases and will succeed at doing what he pleases
"until the time of wrath has been completed, for what has been
determined must take place". Again,
we see God has a time table of events.
time of wrath spoken of here is clearly the time of Godís wrath as seen
in the book of Revelation. It's
what has been called the Great Tribulation where God brings
see the word "determined" here.
This is not predestination. The
things that are determined are things that God wants to do and they are in
reference to Godís wrath as seen in the phrase just before this phrase.
verse 37 the words "for the one desired by women" is most likely
a Jewish idiomatic phrase that speaks of the Messiah.
The desire of Jewish women was to be the mother of the Messiah.
The anti-Christ does not give any regard to the Messiah.
Neither does he give any regard to the ďgods of his fathers"
which seems to be another idiom. Gentiles
had many gods. Jews had one
God. The phrase "gods of
his fathers" is often used in reference to Gentile gods.
38 says that his god will be a "god of fortresses".
This could easily mean that his god will be a god of his own
military might and power. This
verse also says that this god was not known by his fathers. At
the moment, I'm not really sure what this means.
suggest that the word "god" in this verse should be translated
as "goddess" because in the Hebrew it is a feminine noun.
Some people think the anti-Christ is Jewish.
I really don't know at this point.
If he is Jewish, then if you follow this line of reasoning, the
Jewish anti-Christ will worship a pagan god that the Jewish fathers
didnít worship. This might
be the devil, or at least some demonic force.
There is a bit of a problem with this thinking and that is we know
in times past that Israelis did worship pagan gods.
on this topic of the ethnicity of the antichrist, many have speculated
over his background. Some say
he is Jewish. In recent years
some are convinced he is Islamic. In
the past many thought he would be the pope of the Catholic Church. I'm
unsure at this point concerning this matter.
verse 39 this king will make those who help him win the world to be rulers
over nations. This might be a
reference to the ten kings the anti-Christ works with as seen in the book
verse 40 we see the words "at the time of the end".
This tells us with certainty that the following verses speak to the
end of this age.
the next phrases we see two kingdoms
point to consider concerns the fact that Moses gave two and a half
tribes much of what is now known as Jordan, which is Moab, Ammon, and
Edom. Amos 9:12 states that
little confusion sets in at this point because we see the King of the
North. All along he has been
the anti-Christ, but now the King of the North canít be the anti-Christ
since the King of the North opposes the anti-Christ.
So there are many interpretations over this one.
appears to me that the final battle as seen at the end of this chapter is
associated with the Battle of Armageddon that takes place because of
opposition to this anti-Christís power.
The final fight just well take place because the anti-Christ is
getting scared that he is losing his control, so he takes those he has on
his side and fights against his supreme opposer and thatís God Himself.
Battle of Armageddon takes place in the
are lots of things in this chapter that are difficult to figure out.
I believe as we get closer to the time in which these things speak
to, we'll have a better understanding of what is being said, not only in
Daniel 11, but throughout the whole book of Daniel.