About Jesus Steve Sweetman
This Chapter - Chapter 12
1 tells us that this chapter is directed specifically to
the word "LORD' here.
"LORD" is all capitalized, meaning, it is translated
from the Hebrew word "Yahweh," meaning "I Am."
in verse 1 we learn three things about our God.
We first learn that He stretches out the heavens. This
statement is interesting since it seems to be a matter of physics and
science, something that was not understood in the time period when this
statement was written. For us today, it is the common understanding that
the universe is progressively expanding, or as this text seems to imply,
is being stretched out.
So when this verse says that the heavens are presently being
stretched, this confirms what modern science says about our ever
expanding universe, even though Zechariah had no scientific proof of
this statement. Note
also the present tense of the word "stretches."
This is an ongoing process.
second thing we learn about God in verse 1 is that He lays the
foundation of the earth. Here
too we have the present tense of the word "lies."
Again, the prophet knows nothing about modern science and I don't
believe the Bible is a scientific book.
It is a theological book.
That being said, it appears that God is still active in the very
foundation of our earth.
I am not sure how or what that looks like, but it means He has
not stepped back from the physical aspect of our planet, or the universe
as the last statement makes clear.
He is still actively involved in the creative process, maybe deep
in the earth centre of the earth where man has never been.
Deisism is not Biblical thinking.
A Deist is one who believes that God created all things but now
has stepped back from His creation to let it exist and evolve on its
are not Deists.
We believe that God is actively involved in His creation more
than we cane ever know.
I will not comment on it here, but I suggest you read the first
six verses of Hebrews 1.
It sheds much light on this thought.
last thing we learn about God in this verse is that He forms the spirit
Once again we note the present tense in the word
It is my thinking that every baby that is conceives receives his
spirit from God.
The Hebrew word "ruwach" is translated here into
English as "spirit."
It means breath, as in the breath of life.
This certainly speaks volumes to how Christians should understand
the abortion debate.
thinking of the above three aspects to the nature of God, a reading of
the book of Job, especially chapter 38, gives us a bit of insight into
how the ancient world understood God.
The book of Job is the oldest book in the Bible.
Job probably lived somewhere between four thousand to five
verse 2 we see that God Himself is going to make
this verse it is not
this point in history future both
it is the "surrounding nations" that will be sent reeling
surrounding nations are sent reeling because as we will see, all the
nations of the earth will attack
3 tells us that on that day, or the time of the end, all nations will be
gathered together against
verse 4 we see God saying that He will keep a watchful`` eye over
see horses mentioned here.
Does this mean that we should expect horses to be used in this
do not think so.
Remember, we must understand this passage in light of the ancient
times in which it was written.
Horses were the means by which men fought.
Horses were our modern day tanks and airplanes.
This prophecy is using ancient language to predict a future
I do not believe we should take horses to be literal in this
This is one hermeneutical approach to Biblical prophecy.
verse 5 we see what Paul concludes in his discourse on
in verse 5 the KJV uses the words "LORD of hosts" while the
NIV uses the words "LORD Almighty."
I like the KJV rendering here because that seems to be what the
Hebrew text says if you consider a word for word translation. The
word "host" means armies.
God is the God of armies.
In the sense maybe I can see the NIV's translation "LORD
also that the word "government" appears in the KJV and
depending on what version of the NIV you are reading you may see the
word "clan" or "leaders."
All three words may be appropriate.
6 tells us that in that day
see the words "on that day" often in this chapter and the
chapters to come.
God wants us to know that all this will happen on a specific day.
does not necessarily mean a day of twenty four hours, but the time
period of the end.
Of course, it will all end on one certain day, but all that
happens at the end of this age takes time.
This time period is called "the Day of the Lord" in the
Day of the Lord is seen in two ways.
It is seen as a period of time and also in one twenty four hour
says in verse 7 that He will save the people in
verse 8 we learn that on that day God will shield
the term "house of David in verse 8.
This speaks to the nation of Israel. David
is prophetic of Jesus.
Jesus was born in the lineage of David.
9 says that on that day God will destroy all the nations that attack Jerusalem. Not
only will the nations be damaged as we saw earlier in this chapter, but
they will be destroyed.
I suggest that when the text states that God will destroy the
nations, that means He will destroy the armies of the nations that are
attacking Israel, and not the nations the armies come from, except
maybe, the immediate surrounding nations.
We will see later on in chapter 14 that there will be surviving
nations that will be subject to Jesus during His thousand year rule on
verse 10 we see a divine act of God.
He says that on that day He’ll “pour out a spirit of grace
and supplication” on
it comes to individual repentance, I believe the same is true.
God needs to help us repent as we come to Him with the
willingness to repent. We
all need to seek God for a spirit of supplication.
and I say God, also says in verse 10, "they will look on me, who
they have pierced." This
is an important verse because God says that the Jews pierced Him.
How could that be? They
pierced Jesus, not God. Well,
clearly this speaks to the deity of Christ.
should also think about the word “pierce” here.
If this refers to the piercing of Jesus’ side while on the
cross, it wasn’t the Jews who pierced Jesus.
It was the Roman soldiers. Yet
it was the Jews who brought Jesus to the Roman soldiers to be pierced.
If not for the Jews, Jesus would not have been pierced.
last part of verse 10 shows us the depth of the Jews repentance.
They will grieve and mourn once they see their Messiah.
They will grieve and mourn as if they had lost their only child.
This is true repentance.
thing we should note here is that
should understand the term "House of David" to mean all of
picture this prophecy paints of Israel's repentance is powerful. It
shows extreme sorrow. The
words "bitterly" and "grieve" make that clear.
This will be a nation time of mourning that has never been seen
in the history of nations. This
will be one sight to behold.
verse 11 we see the words "Haddac Rimmon."
We just don't know what this is in reference to.
Some say it is the name of a place while others say it is the
name of a person and that depends a lot on what translation of the Bible
you are reading. If it is
indeed a place name as the NIV suggests, then it is in
verses 12 and 13 we see that all the clans, or all the families of
that this is a national revival, but this national revival occurs
because of an individual revival of those living in
On thing we should note in this section of Zechariah is personal repentance that leads to personal salvation on part of the individual Jews, which in turn leads to national salvation. This salvation, as seen here, is not on obedience to Law but on obedience to Jesus. This is in fact New Testament salvation, the same salvation that Peter preached on the Day of Pentecost that was rejected by much of the Jewish leadership.