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Luke 1:30 to 33

Verse 30 -  "But the angel (Gabriel) said to her (Mary) "   Gabriel means "the strong man of God".   He appears 4 times in the Bible.  In Daniel 8:15 27 and  9:20 27 he explained certain end time events to Daniel.  In Luke 1:8 20 he foretold the birth of John the Baptist to Elizabeth .  Here in Luke 1:26 38 he foretold the birth of Jesus to Mary.  Gabriel appears to be significant when it comes to prophetic history. 


"Do not be afraid Mary".  This phrase is translated from the Greek word "phobeo" which is a present middle imperative Greek verb.  This means that Gabriel commanded Mary not to allow fear to grip her at that precise moment.  She was about to hear some incredible news that would change her lowly life forever.   


"You have found favour with God".  The only thing special about Mary was that she was born into the lineage of King David.  Other than that, she was an ordinary teenager who God sovereignty predetermined to be key in a once in an eternity event.  She lived in the uncultured hick town of Nazareth, tucked away in the hills of Galilee .  There was nothing special about Nazareth either.  Nathanael correctly asked.  "Can anything good come out of Nazareth "? (John 1:46)  Everyone knew Nazareth wasn't up to much, but leave it to the Lord to pick a town of ill repute to accomplish His will. 


Verse 31 -  "You will be with child and give birth to a son".  This would have blown Mary's mind.  Joseph and her hadn't been intimate.  How in heaven's name could she give birth to a son, but of course, it was in heaven's name that this miracle would take place.  "And you are to give him the name Jesus".  Jesus means "Yahweh is Saviour".  I can't imagine how Mary felt at the precise moment.   

Verse 32 - "He will be great and be called the Son of the Most High".  This could have easily floored Mary.  The term "Most High" finds its roots in the Hebrew word "Elyon".  Elyon was Yahweh, the eternal I AM; He who has always been and always will be; He who exists in the eternal present.  This had to have been bewildering.  A woman giving birth to divinity would have sounded like a pagan concept in Mary's day. 


"The Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David".  Mary might well have been intrigued by this one.  David was one important guy in prophetic history.  His life and rule as King of Israel centuries earlier was prophetic of the life and rule of Israel's Messiah, who would soon be squirming around in Mary's womb.  How mind boggling.  Would her son become the much anticipated Israeli revolutionary who would free Israel from Rome?    


We should know that Jesus sits on a throne right now in heaven, but it's not the throne of David spoken of by Gabriel.  David's throne was a literal throne in the literal city of Jerusalem.  It wasn't in heaven.  We can't put words in Gabriel's mouth.  We must understand these words as Gabriel understood them, not as Replacement Theologians understand them.  Mary would have caught onto Gabriel better than many Evangelicals today on this point.  She was raised to eagerly anticipate her Israeli Messiah coming to rule from Jerusalem and freeing Israel from her enemies.  David's throne isn't going to be a spiritual throne in the midst of the church as Replacement Theology teaches.   


Verse 33 -  "And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever".  Forever means forever and the house of Jacob means Israel.  Clearly, Israel hasn't been replaced by the church.  She will return to international prominence.  After the Lord brings Israel to her knees in judgment, He "will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication.  They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for Him as one mourns for an only child and grieve bitterly for Him as one grieves for a firstborn ..." (Zechariah 12 : 10 13)  In that day Israel will submit to the Lord Jesus Christ.  He will rule on David's throne in Jerusalem, and He will do so forever.  "His kingdom will never end", Gabriel added.  If forever means forever, then Jesus' rule from Jerusalem has to extend beyond His thousand year rule spoken of in Revelation.  I see His rule extending into the New Earth as seen in the New Jerusalem of Revelation 21.  In that day and throughout eternity the nations of the world will bring their splendor into the New Jerusalem in acknowledgment of the King of the earth. (Revelation 21:24)  


The grammatical structure of Gabriel's words say as much as the words themselves.  In Greek grammar there is what is called the "indicative mood".  This means that when a sentence expresses an action with the use of a verb, the action expressed is a certainty.  If the action took place in the past, you can be assured that it did take place.  If the action is happening in the present, you can stand back and watch.  If the action is to take place in the future, you can count on the action coming to pass.  This passage is riddled with indicative verbs as seen in; "you will be with child, He will be great, God will give Him the throne of David, He will rule, there shall be no end to His kingdom".  These are all indicative verb phrases.  Everything Gabriel told Mary has either come to pass, or with no uncertainty, will come to pass.  The New Testament is full of such indicative certainties.  Thank the Lord for the Greek grammatical verb tense known as the indicative mood.    


You may want to reflect on what Gabriel spoke to Mary.  He spoke just as much about the return of Jesus to earth that ends this age as he spoke about His birth into humanity that began this age.




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