About Jesus Steve Sweetman
The Old Testament is a
collection of Jewish Scriptures. It
is also part of the Christian Bible.
It is generally accepted by conservative Bible scholars that
Moses wrote Genesis, as well as Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and
Deuteronomy. The first five
books of the Bible are called the Torah in Judaism.
The Hebrew word "Torah" means "to teach or
instruct". Thus the reason for these books.
The Torah has also been
called, "the Law", the "Book of Moses", and
sometimes, just "Moses". Jews
have always understood the Torah, which includes Genesis, to have been
written by Moses. As a
matter of fact, throughout the Bible the first five books of the Bible
are often called "the Book of Moses".
Examples of this are found in 2 Chronicles 24:4, Nehemiah 13:1,
and Mark 12:26, This fact is
important because when Jesus was on earth, He and others called the
first five books of the Bible the "Book of Moses", or, simply
"Moses", thus attributing Moses as the author.
After Jesus rose from the
dead, He talked with two men as seen in Luke 24:13 to 35.
In verses 26 and 27 Jesus said, "did not the Christ have to
suffer … and beginning with Moses and all the prophets He explained to
them what was said in the Scriptures concerning Himself".
When Jesus used the word "Moses" in this passage, He
was referring to the Book of Moses, or the Torah.
Therefore, Jesus infers that the Torah, including Genesis, was
authored by Moses.
Jesus often used the book
of Moses to back up a point, as He did in Mark 12:18 to 27 concerning
the resurrection of the dead. In
Mark 12:26 and 27 He said, "about the dead rising – have you not
read in the Book of Moses … He is not the God of the dead, but the God
of the living…" The
specific Old Testament passage Jesus was referring to is found in Exodus
3, where Moses stood before the burning bush.
The mere fact that Jesus agreed with the prevailing thinking of
Judaism in His day by calling the Torah the "Book of Moses"
tells us that He understood that Moses wrote the first five books of the
Bible, and you can't argue with Jesus.
However, it is clear that
there are a few passages in the Torah that Moses didn't write.
For example, Deuteronomy 34 describes the circumstances
surrounding Moses' death. Obviously
Moses could not have written about his death.
Both Jewish and Christian scholars believe that the Torah was
edited by someone else other than Moses.
That person would have inserted the details of Moses' death.
Many believe Ezra edited the Torah since he was a Jewish editor,
author, and priest. He wrote
the Old Testament book of Ezra.
Scripture is clear.
Even though edited by others, Moses, under the inspiration of the
Lord wrote Genesis.