About Jesus Steve Sweetman
And Aaron Oppose Moses (ch. 12:1 - 16)
see Miriam mentioned here in verse 1.
She is Moses' and Aaron's sister.
Cushite wife that is mentioned in verse 1 is Zipporah.
She was Moses' first wife. He
met her when he escaped
don't know what problem Miriam and Aaron would have had over Zipporah
other than she wasn't a Jew. Somehow
this was a springboard to get to the thing they really wanted to
complain about and that was Moses' leadership.
2 tells us that the Lord heard Miriam and Aaron complaining about Moses.
What we often forget is that the Lord hears and sees all things
that we do, say, and even think. We
can't hide anything from Him. We
don't really understand this, because if we did, our lives would be
altogether different than what they are.
On the other hand, humanity doesn't really have the capability to
that verse 3 in the NIV is in brackets.
This is for a couple of reasons.
First of all, most all Evangelical scholars believe that Moses
wrote the first five books of the Old Testament, known as the Torah.
Also, scholars point out the nature of the book of numbers.
It is not in any real chronological order.
It is simply a number of different events and laws that appear to
have been written, maybe at a later period, or written at more than one
time period, and, probably edited by someone else.
This verse could have been easily inserted in an edited copy
because of its nature and that it is written in the third person, that
is to say, someone wrote these words about Moses. He
did not write them about himself or else he would have worded it
differently, or else not have even mentioned it.
the text states that Moses is a humble man.
I believe this humility is due directly because of the access he
had with Yahweh. He was in
the presence of God so often, he could be nothing more than
humble. Being in
God's presence shows the sinfulness of man.
No one can stand in his presence without being humbled.
I would say that the more a person demonstrates a tendency
towards pride or arrogance would mean that He has not been touched by
the presence of God. When we
are touched by God's presence, it knocks the pride out of our system.
verses 4 and 5 God summoned Moses, Aaron, and Miriam, to the tent of the
Meeting to talk with them. What
He says is seen in verses 6 through 8.
In short, God says that concerning prophets, He speaks to them in
visions and dreams, but not so with Moses.
Moses was a prophet, but he was more than a prophet.
God says that He speaks to Moses "face to face" and not
in riddles. Moses has a very
special relationship with God that few have had throughout history.
Moses is more than an ordinary prophet.
He has a special ministry. This
is another reason why Bible teachers feel that Moses is a type of Jesus.
He spoke face to face with God as Jesus did.
Many times God spoke to and through prophets in obscure ways that
even the prophets most likely didn't understand.
This wasn't so with Moses.
the text states that Moses saw the form of God.
I believe the form of God was the cloud that God appeared in.
I don't believe that Moses saw the face of God, even though they
spoke "face to face". The
words "face to face" is an idiom to state the fact that God
spoke directly to Moses in easy to understand words.
people have asked if Moses really saw God.
I don't believe he did. In
verse 8 God says that Moses saw "a form of God".
God produced some kind of visible form for Moses to see.
He often spoke to Moses from a cloud.
Jesus, in John 7:24 says that God is spirit.
Jesus, in John 1:18 says that no one has ever seen God accept He
Himself. Moses only saw a
form of God, not God as He really is.
He did however hear His voice.
Even at hearing God's voice, God may not have a voice like you
and I. When God speaks
verbally to a human, He might well speak in human terms, not in his own
terms. Any time God
communicates with humanity, He must do it is a way in which we are able
to understand. The simple
fact is that God is a spirit. He
is not human.
verse 9, note that God's "anger burned against" Miriam and
Aaron. I have said this over
and over, but God does get angry. With
the insertion of the word "burned" we must realize that God is
not just a little angry. He
is exceedingly angry. Despite
popular opinion, God does get angry.
You see this over and over again in both the Old Testament and
the New Testament. The
anger and wrath of God is not an Old Testament thing only.
verse 10 God leaves and suddenly Miriam is full of leprosy.
She had been judged by God Almighty.
Leprosy was one of those diseases that if people had they would
be cut off from the general population.
was cursed by God but Aaron wasn't.
Some might ask, "why"?
It appears to me that she was the instigator of this particular
rebellion. Aaron went along
with her. This is yet
another example of why some Bible teachers think Aaron was a weak-willed
man. He just went along with
things, whether good or bad.
verses 11 and 12 Aaron pleads with Moses that he would not hold this sin
against them. Well, it was
not Moses than caused the leprosy to come on Miriam.
It was God. Aaron
should have pled his case with God, although, since Moses was His
representative, Aaron pled with Moses.
what Aaron compares leprosy to. He
compares it to a still birth, a baby born dead.
This is exactly how people viewed those with leprosy.
The diseased person might as well be dead. He
was dead in relation to the community in which he lived. He
was cut off from the community.
heard Aaron out, so in verse 13, Moses goes before God to intercede on
behalf of Miriam. One major
part of Moses' ministry was intercession on behalf
of God's people. We've
seen that over and over again.
said many times before that the life of Moses is prophetic of Jesus.
He is a type of Jesus. Jesus
stands before God at all times interceding on our behalf, just as Moses
did back then. We still need
Jesus' intercessory prayers to God even though we are saved because we
all still sin.
apostle Paul often speaks of intercessory prayer.
This is very important for the modern church but it is something
we don't see much of.
said this before as well, but all of the intercessory prayer that Moses
prayed was for God's people. As
a matter of fact, that is what intercessory prayer is for.
It's for God's people, not just for our nations, and not just for
you read the book of Hebrews you will note that one of its themes is
that Jesus is our Great High Priest, and He is this throughout eternity.
That means that even in eternity in the future, for some reason,
we will still need a priest to represent us to God.
verse 14 to the end of this chapter we see that God told Moses to send
Miriam outside of the camp for seven days.
The text does not say it, but it seems to be implied, but it
appears that Miriam got better after the seven days.
verse 14 note what God says. He
says that if Miriam's father spit in her eye, wouldn't she be disgraced.
This sounds like a weird
thing for God to say, but it does show the comparison between leprosy
and spitting in someone's eyes. Both
were a matter of disgrace back then in all cultures.
This reminds me of the time Jesus used his spit to heal the man
who was blind. Jesus used a
disgraceful action to do something good.