About Jesus Steve Sweetman
Commentary On The Book Of Judges
commentary is based on the 1978 version of the New International Bible.
Chapter titles in my commentary correspond to chapter titles in
the NIV which make for easy comparison between this commentary and the
in Romans 15:4, tells us that all of which was written in the Old
Testament was written for our example.
So, as modern day, New Testament Christians, the book of Judges
might be all about Jews, but it's about us as well.
We must learn from the contents of this book because we as
Christians, and as the church, are no different than Israel
period of time written about in the book of Judges is from the last days
of Joshua to Samuel and Samson. There
is a discrepancy to the exact dating because scholars are divided to
just when Israelis left
a number of internal reasons, this book was written during the period
had kings. Most people say
it was written when David was king of
don't really know who wrote the book of Judges.
Many suggest it was Samuel, but there is no internal proof of
period of time spoken of here concerns a time after Joshua led Israel
into the promised land of
many respects these judges were regional leaders, and weren't
necessarily political leaders, or, judges in the sense that we might
think of. Yes, they did make
judgment calls, but they also simply cared for the people. Some see
these judges more of a messianic figure, meaning, one who saves or
rescues the people, thus saying something about their job description.
do see Moses speaking about judges in the Law of Moses.
Those judges were more like judges that we have today.
Those judges judged between disputes, and were often associated
with being military leaders
thing that New Testament Christians learn from the book of Judges
besides history of Israel
is the failure of God's people to follow God.
Compromise was common place in Israel
during these days, as it is in our days.
ever-present tendency with God's people, whether Old or New Testament
people is to be influence by the world around them and to incorporate
worldliness into their way of living.
And, when I speak of worldliness, I'm not simply talking about
the clothes one wears.
gives the command to stay clear of these pagan peoples in Exodus 23:31
and 32, but
will note as we go through the book of Judges that in times of revival
God raises of men, plus one woman, as saviours, as people who help Israel
return to their God. These
saviours, or judges, aren't always national, most are regional.
I say this to suggest that this book of saviours resembles the
church age, the age in which we now live.
The church is no different than
Fights The Remaining Canaanites
(ch. 1:1 - 36)
we read the first few verses of Judges, we should realize that if takes
place around 15 years after Joshua died. We
also need to realize that
verse 1 Israel, and we don't know what Israeli, asked the Lord who should fight the
next battle. The Lord
answered in verse 2 by saying that Judah
should fight the next battle.
specifically said that He "had given the land into their (
verse 3 the Judahites asked the Simeonites to help fight the battle for
verses 4 to 6 we see that the Lord helped Judah and Simeon win the
battle. When God's people
trust their lives with Him, He works behind the scenes and wins the
battles for them.
the name Adoni-Bezek. This
is not a personal name. It
is a term meaning, "king of Bezek, or lord of Bezek.
This king was captured but not killed.
also in verse 7 that Adoni-Bezek acknowledges God. This doesn't
necessarily mean that he was acknowledging the God of Israel.
The Hebrew word for "God" is El or Elohim.
This term is somewhat of a generic term for the Almighty God,
used by pagans and Jews alike.
thought that God was paying him back for cutting off the thumbs and big
toes of 70 of his enemies. Such
thinking was common place among pagan civilizations.
If you do something bad, the gods will eventually get you for it.
The idea is "an eye for
an eye and a tooth for a tooth".
If you cut someone's thumbs and big toes off, you'll get your
thumb and big toe cut off. The
idea that people get paid back for their evil is somewhat of a
superstition that is prevalent today
here to the end of the chapter we learn of more battles that Judah and
Simeon fought. I will not
comment on each and every battle.
verse 12 we see that Caleb offered his daughter as a prize for the man
who would lead a victory in battle.
The son of Caleb's younger brother won the prize of Caleb's
daughter. His name was
Othniel. He married Acsah. The two were cousins.
in verse 20 that
in verse 21the words "to this day".
We really don't know what day is spoken of here, but most
scholars tend to think that whoever wrote the book of Judges wrote it
while David was king of Judah, somewhere around 1010 B. C. to 1003 B.
verse 22 we see the town of Bethel. Like Hebron, but north of
verse 28 we note that Israel
did not get rid of the pagans in the