About Jesus - Steve Sweetman
Work Of The Holy Spirit (ch. 16:5-16)
again, in verse 5 Jesus says that He is going to the one who sent Him but
none of the eleven apostles are asking where are you gong?
Thomas, in chapter 14, verse 5, told Jesus that they did not know
where He was going, so how could they know the way.
This was a statement, not a question.
Thomas technically did not ask Jesus where He was going.
On the other hand, if chapter 15, 16, and 17 are in a different
location that the last verse of chapter 14 seems to imply, then these men
might not have asked Jesus where He was going at this present time.
verse 6 Jesus acknowledges the fact these eleven men are filled with
grief, and so they were. Jesus
is speaking of leaving them, and even though they are not quite sure where
He is going, it sounds permanent. Besides,
this talk of being kicked out of the synagogue and being killed didnít
help relieve any grief they had about Jesusí departure.
This was a very stressful time for these men.
verse 7 Jesus sounds fatherly, as when a youth is disciplined by a parent
and told, "this is for your benefit."
Jesus tells the disciples that His leaving is for their benefit.
The reason for this is that when He leaves He will send the
Counselor, the Holy Spirit. Here
we see that it is Jesus who sends the Counselor, although as we've seen
before, there are other passages stating that the Father sends the Holy
Spirit. Jesus and the Father
are one, so it's not hard to figure out that both send the Holy Spirit
into the hearts of the believers.
had to depart before the Holy Spirit could come to live in the lives of
the believers. We remember
from John 7:39 that once Jesus was glorified, then the Spirit would come.
Here we see further proof that the glorification of Jesus was in
fact totally realized when He departed, that is, the day He ascended into
I've said before, the Greek word translated into English here and
elsewhere as "Counselor" is the word "paraklatos",
meaning, one who is called to stand beside another.
This word was often used in Roman law for a lawyer, or an advocate.
This gives us a bit of a clue into the roll of the Holy Spirit in
the next few verses Jesus describes part of the work of the Holy Spirit,
both in the lives of those in the world and in the lives of the believers.
begins with the world in verse 5 by saying that the Holy Spirit will
convict those in the world of "guilt in regard to their sin, of
righteousness, and of judgment."
Jesus makes this statement He explains it.
Concerning convicting those in the world of guilt in regard to sin
Jesus explains it this way. In
verse 9 He says, "in regard to sin because they do not believe in
me." Jesus says that the
Holy Spirit will convict, or pronounce people guilty, because of the sin
of not believing in Him. This
is the sin of sins. All other
sins are forgivable. Not
trusting one's life to Jesus, or, rejecting Jesus, cannot be forgiven. The
sin of unbelief is the sin that keeps people out of Heaven and apart from
Jesus and salvation. Murder,
stealing, adultery are secondary to unbelief.
Before these sins can be convicted of, the sin of unbelief must be
dealt with and that is what the Holy Spirit will do in the hearts of men
and women. Whether they
respond positively to this conviction is their choice, but the need to
trust in Jesus is what the Holy Spirit will speak to.
He will use us in this process.
In my thinking, we must first approach people about their unbelief.
There is little use in trying to stop people from sinning in these
secondary areas when they havenít come to first believe in Jesus, which
means, handing their lives over to Jesus.
being convicted of righteousness, Jesus says in verse 10 that the Holy
Spirit will convict the world of righteousness because He is going to His
Father. Once Jesus returns to
Heaven His redemptive work is finished.
All has been completed to grant total righteousness to men and
women who believe in Jesus. This
cannot happen until all things are fulfilled.
Jesus obeyed the Law of Moses and lived the perfect life for us.
That satisfied God. When
that perfect life was over, then and only then could God offer complete
righteousness to us. God
demands that we live a righteousness life before Him. We
havenít lived such a life and canít.
That is why Jesus lived that righteous life on our behalf.
This is a misunderstood truth in Christian circles.
Salvation means more than getting our sins forgiven.
Jesus died to forgive our sins.
He lived the righteous life so we could be counted as righteous
before the Lord God of this universe.
Jesus stands as our high priest forever, right now in Heaven as
seen in the book of Hebrews. When
God looks on us, He sees Jesus representing us to Himself.
By seeing Jesus standing in our place, He views us as holy and
righteous, just as He Himself is holy and righteous.
That beings said, those in the world are unrighteous and before
they can be counted righteous by God they must be convicted of this
unrighteousness and repent.
judgement, in verse 12 Jesus says "because the prince of this world
now stands condemned." We
must understand the cross to be a multi faceted event, meaning, that many
things happened on the cross. We
already noted that forgiveness of sins was accomplished for us on the
cross, but, the death, including the resurrection of Jesus was also a
pronouncement of condemnation of the devil.
He was condemned before the whole universe to see.
Like a judge pronouncing an offender guilty and sentences him to
certain punishment, so God condemned the devil by the resurrection of
Jesus. Although the
pronouncement of guilt and condemnation was made at the cross, the actual
sentencing of the devil will take place at a future date.
the NIV says that the prince of this world now stands judged.
The Greek verb is a perfect passive indicative verb.
Indicative means this is a certain fact.
Perfect means the judgment and condemnation of the devil is an
accomplished fact. For this
reason some translations puts this verb in the past tense.
Passive means that God initiated judgment on the devil.
Sataan certainly didn't do this himself.
part of the work of the Spirit is to point out unbelief in men and women,
show them their unrighteous life, and tell them of the righteousness that
Jesus provides, as well as pronouncing judgment on the devil.
This pronouncement of judgement on the devil relates to the world
in the sense that the Holy Spirit will convict our hearts not to follow a
condemn prince, but rather, follow the One who has condemned him.
verse 12 Jesus says to these eleven men that "He has much more to
say, more than you can now bear."
What these things might be is uncertain.
They could have been things about their own life that might have
scared them away from Jesus. They
might have been things of the cross that they could not understand at the
moment due to the sorrow and confusion they were experiencing.
Whatever the case, this doesnít really matter because Jesus goes
on to say that, "when the Spirit comes, He will guide you into all
truth." Once the Holy
Spirit entered their lives at Pentecost then He would teach them the truth
they needed to know. We know
this to be true. These same
men who were experiencing great confusion now became very knowledgeable of
the things of God, all because of the Holy Spirit.
word "all" in this verse doesn't
need to understand how the Holy Spirit teaches us all truth.
Some have taken this verse and a few others like it to promote the
idea that they only learn from the Spirit within them.
They have no need for other human beings, other teachers.
The truth of the matter is that the Holy Spirit can speak to our
hearts and teach us, yet He can also use men and women to teach us as
well, or else their would not be teachers in the Body of Christ.
There needs to be a balance between what we perceive the Spirit is
teaching us from within, and what He is teaching us through teachers.
verse 13 we see that the Holy Spirit is like Jesus.
Just as Jesus did not speak of Himself but about His Father,
neither does the Holy Spirit speak of Himself.
The Spirit speaks of things concerning Jesus.
Thus, once again, we see the nature of the Godhead.
Each person in the Godhead does not exalt Himself, and so it should
be with us. We should not
exalt ourselves but Jesus, the one who has sent us.
this moment if divine history Jesus is the centre of all things until such
time He hands all things back to His Father as seen in 1 Corinthians 15.
Remember the Great Commission of Matthew 28.
Jesus told His followers that all authority had been given unto
Him. Right now Jesus is in
charge. We need to focus our
speech on Jesus, but that is not always the case.
Many times Christians speak more about God and hardly anything of
Jesus. In our one god fits all
generic god world this is a mistake. You
talk about God and unless you specify what God you are talking about the
world will misunderstand you. Let's
major on talking
about Jesus so it will all be clear what God we serve.
been involved in Pentecostal Charismatic circles for decades.
Over the years, and from time to time, I've seen people magnify the
Holy Spirit beyond what they should. We
magnify Jesus because that is who the Holy Spirit magnifies as Jesus says
says that the Holy Spirit will tell these men, us too, about things yet to
come. This is the prophetic
nature of the roll of the Holy Spirit in our lives.
Some have taken this to an extreme and feel the Holy Spirit
foretells them all sorts of things, but in fact these things are only from
their imagination. The Spirit
does work through us and show us things to come.
For some this happens more than others due to the prophetic nature
of their ministry. Not all of
us are prophets, yet on the other hand, the Holy Spirit can speak to our
hearts concerning individual matters in our future.
verse 14 Jesus is clear concerning the Holy Spirit not speaking of
Himself. He says that He will
"bring glory to me." Again,
whatever the Spirit sees and hears from Jesus He will pass along to us,
just as whatever Jesus heard and saw from the Father, the Father passed on
to His followers.
verse 15 Jesus says that "all that is of the Father is mine."
All that belongs to Father God belongs to Jesus and the Spirit as
well. The Spirit will take
that which belongs to Jesus and make it known to the followers of Jesus
when needed. This shows us the
importance of the Holy Spirit in our lives.
Where the Holy Spirit is inhibited, no work for Jesus can be done.
that we have seen in the last few sentences shows us the triune nature of
God. All that belongs to one
part of the Godhead belongs to the other parts.
Each part does not speak of Himself but brings glory to the other
parts. This is the nature of
God and should be apart of our nature, although we often struggle with
this. The church is full of
people who want to bring glory to themselves in the name of Jesus.
This is wrong.
This section ends in verse 17 where Jesus says, "in a little while you will see me no more, yet in a little while you will see me." In a little while Jesus would depart from these men and hang on the cross and be buried, but, a little while after that He will rise from the dead and they will see Him for a little while a