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This Chapter 5:12 through 6:27

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ch. 5:22-6:12   ch. 6:13-27    


God Promises Deliverance (ch. 5:22 6:12)


We see Moses feelings after being criticized so harshly by his fellow Jews in verse 22.  He returns to the Lord and asks, "why have you brought trouble on this people?  Is this why you sent me?"  You can certainly understand Moses predicament.  He was supposed to be used by God to free Israel, but things are worse than ever.  Things often get worse before they get better.


In verse 23 Moses goes as far to say to God, "you have not rescued your people at all."   Note that Moses calls the Jews "your people", as in, "God's people".  This is to emphasize the fact that the Jews are God's people, and on the surface, it appears that God is not looking after His people, especially after saying that He would free Israel from the chains of Egypt.


I've already mentioned that God is sovereign, so He can do whatever He wants, even if it does causes suffering to His own people.  It is clear throughout history that God does not protect His people, whether Jews or Christian from suffering. I'd suggest that if He allows His people to suffer, He has a specific plan for this suffering.  God just doesn't get pleasure in seeing His people suffer.


I think this event speaks clearly of the Great Tribulation that I understand will happen at the end of this present age.  God's people Israel will suffer greatly as He judges both Israel and the world, yet in the end, Israel will be saved and delivered, as was Israel in Moses' day.  God's judgment is often a two edged sword.  It cuts both His people and the world.


In the NIV chapter 6 carries on from chapter 5.


In verse 1 God responds to Moses' complaint.   He says that Moses will now see his mighty hand that will stretch out against Pharaoh.  The text says that Pharaoh won't simply let Israel go, but he will drive them out, as to say, "get out of here.  I don't want you around any more." 


God continued to speak to Moses in verses 2 and 3.  The words in this text have been well debated.  The NIV reads as follows.  "I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob ad God Almighty, but by my name the Lord I did not make myself known to them."   The term "God Almighty" is from the Hebrew El Shaddai, meaning the almighty breasted one who looks after His people.  The word "Lord" is Yahweh, meaning, "I am". 


In the book of Genesis we see both El Shaddai and Yahweh used to refer to God, although Yahweh is used much less.  Prior to Exodus 6, Israel did know the name Yahweh.  Yet, this verse says that in times past, Israel knew God as El Shaddai, but He did not make Himself known to them as Yahweh.  The simplest explanation is that Israel knew God as El Shaddai, "the Almighty who looks after them."  Yet, even though they used the name Yahweh from time to time to refer to God they did not fully understand what that meant, because God didn't fully explain it to them, but now, He does, and He does it through Moses.  That is why Yahweh is always related to the idea of covenant.  You will see in the next verse that to be so.


The whole train of thought here suggests pretty clearly that the revelation of God, who He is, what He does, and His will, is progressive.  The progression ends in Jesus.  He is the final revelation of who God is.  Many people want to make others part of this progressive revelation, but shouldn't.  Some say Mohamed would be another revelation of God, but that is not Scriptural.  Some say Smith of the Mormons would be another example of progressive revelation, that is, Smith was God's revelation for that age, but that's not Scriptural either.  The revelation of who God is ends in Jesus.  If you read Hebrews chapter 1, you'll come to this understanding immediately. 


In verse 4 God tells Moses that He promised Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob the land of Canaan .  Here He links the name Yahweh with the land of Canaan that He promised to Israel.  Thus Yahweh is linked to the covenant.  The promise of land is very important, both to the Jews and to God.  Here God reconfirms the Abrahamic Covenant, as He does throughout the Old Testament.  I strongly believe that this covenant is still in effect.  God says it's an everlasting covenant.  I do not believe in "Replacement Theology" that states Israel is no longer the recipient of the covenant.  I see that as very poor hermeneutics. 


God reminds Moses of the land covenant because that is the issue at hand.  God says that He will deliver Israel from Egypt to Canaan, but Moses is having a hard time believing it because of present circumstances.  This only goes to show that the people of God should not trust circumstances, but God who is in charge of all circumstances.


Verse 5 begins with the word "moreover", that is to say, "I'm not done talking yet."   What God says now is that He has heard the groaning of Israel, and He has not forgotten His covenant.  God does not forget anything He has promised.  You can be certain of that.  As I have said many times before, the same applies to Israel today.  God hears their groaning.  God heard their groaning when Hitler killed millions of Jews, and in 1948 He granted nationhood to Israel.


So in verse 6 God tells Moses to return to the Jews and tell them again that God will deliver them from Egypt.  This deliverance is based on His covenant, not Israel 's goodness, because they are not all that good, and so it is with our salvation today.


Notice Israel 's deliverance comes from God's judgment of Israel.  Judgment and deliverance are closely linked.  Our personal salvation is linked to judgment.  Jesus was judged by God on our behalf on the cross.  It seems to me that before deliverance can be fully realized, first there must be a demonstration of God's judgment.  That certainly is the case here. To put this another way, salvation rises out of judgment.


Verse 7 clearly states that when Israel is free, then they will be God's people.  Israel entered Egypt as a large family.  They leave as a nation, a nation of people that belong to God.   The text states that at that time, the time when Israel is free from bondage, they will know that it is the Lord who is their God. It is Yahweh who is their Elohim.  The God of the Jews is Yahweh, the covenant God, the "I am", the ever present now.  Israel and God have an everlasting covenant between them, a covenant that will never be broken. 


In verse 8 we see that the covenant was sworn with uplifted hands.  I'd suggest that every time you raise your hands in worship to God, this should be a reminder of the covenant, and an acknowledgment that we are God's covenant people. 


In verse 9 we see how Israel responded to Moses after he told them all that God spoke to him.  They did not believe him because they were so discouraged.  That is the natural tendency, but once again, who do we trust, our circumstances or the Lord.


In verse 11 God tells Moses to tell Pharaoh to let his people go.  This time Moses is not to tell Pharaoh to let Israel leave for a time of worship in the desert.  This time Moses is demanding a departure for good. 


Moses responds to God by saying that if his own people won't listen to him, why should Pharaoh.  Once again, in human reasoning, he is right, but God wasn't expecting Moses to think like a human.  He wanted Moses to think like Himself. 


We see the term "faltering lips".  Some suggest that Moses stuttered.  Others suggest that he was simply nervous when he appeared before Pharaoh.


Family Records Of Moses And Aaron (ch. 6:13 - 27)


Once again, in verse 13 God "commands" Moses and Aaron to lead Israel out of Egypt .  Note this is a command.  God wasn't asking them to do this. 


You might ask yourself if Moses and Aaron really understood what was going on here?  Did they understand that God was the one hardening Pharaoh's heart?  Did they know that God was doing this in order to show His power both to Israel and to the world?  I'm not sure that Moses and Aaron really understood this.  Israel as a whole certainly didn't. 


The rest of this section is a partial listing of those who left Egypt.  I say partial because the whole list isn't here, and why that is, I don't know.  When the list of the twelve tribes gets to Levi, the list gets more detailed about Levi's lineage and never gets back to the twelve tribes.  We know why more detail is given to Levi's lineage, and that is because Aaron and Moses were in Levi's lineage.   


We learn in verse 26 that Moses was to lead Israel out of Egypt in a specific order.  Israel was suppose to leave in their tribes.   This is yet another thing to note that God is detailed and very organized.  He is not sloppy in anything He does.

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