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Consecration Of The Priest (ch. 29:1 - 46)


Like the last few chapters, I will not comment on every verse.  I will let others do that.


Chapter 29 is about the consecration of the priesthood in Israel.  We need to note that Israel has had priests prior to this.  We've seen this mentioned before.  This is yet another example of something that was already in existence but now is codified into the Law of Moses.  Prior to this, the priest were not consecrated, or set aside for the Lord God.   All civilizations had priests in the ancient world, Israel included.  At this point, God was simply elevating what was already in existence and making it solely His. 


In verse 1 we see the word "consecrate", which means, "separate unto God."  So again, it is not that God is inventing something brand new in the Law of Moses.  Much of the Law was already in existence, even in other cultures.  What God was doing in the Law, was consecrating these things for Himself.  Another way to put it is that He was taking what was originally His, defiled by man, and reclaiming it in the Law of Moses.     


In verse 4 we note that Aaron and his sons were the first official priests.  His sons were also to be priests.  Prior to this, in chapter 28 verse 1, God had already selected Aaron and his sons to be priests.  Here, those who are selected, are ordained.  After these men were selected, they were washed as seen in verse 4.  After that, they were clothed in verses 4 through 9.  The next thing that happens to them is that they were anointed with oil as seen in verse 7.   The next thing that happens with these men is their hands are filled, as seen in verse 24.    The last thing that happens to these men were sanctified as seen in verse 44.


Note here that these men did nothing.  All of the above things that happened to these men were done by Moses.  They just had to allow themselves to be consecrated.


All things I've just mentioned happened to us as Christians.  Some people see Moses as a type of Christ.  They see the priests as a type of the believers in Jesus. As Moses did the seven things to these men, Jesus does to us.


Note in verse 1 God told Moses to take a young bull and two  rams.  In verse 10 onward we see why God wanted Moses to get these animals.  The bull was used for the sin offering, while the ram for the burnt offering.  A sin offering was required by the Law, while a burnt offering was voluntary. The second ram was used as a consecrated ram.   


In verse 10 Aaron and his sons lay their hands on the head of the bull.  The symbolism here is that the sin of Moses and his sons is transferred from Moses and his sons to the bull.  Any time you see hands being laid on animals or people in the Bible, the act denotes some kind of transference of something.  In this case it is sin.  In the New Testament people often lay hands on sick people.  Healing is transferred to the sick person. 


Concerning the offerings we see in this chapter; there are four.  They are, sin offering, burnt offering, wave offering, and meet offering.  God speaks about these offerings as if they had already been in existence, which they were.  If you study Genesis and Exodus, you will note the we do not have any clear statement saying when these offerings began or when God told people to give these offerings.  They just appear.  This is another point to state that much of the Law of Moses was already in existence.   


Note the word "offal" in verse 14. The KJV translates this word as "dung". 


We note from verse 10 through 14 that the bull is to be killed, part burned on the altar and parts of its inner parts burnt outside the camp.  The words "outside the camp"  are used elsewhere in the Bible in reference to Jesus being killed outside the camp.


In like fashion, in verses 15 through 18, after Aaron and his sons lay hands on the ram's head, one of the rams is killed and burnt on the altar as a burnt offering.  Something similar is done to the second ram as seen in verses 15 through 22.


Besides the burnt and sin offerings, we see a wave, drink and meal offering in the chapter.  We need to realize that the sacrificial system of worship was practiced by all civilizations in these days, not just Israel.  As I have mentioned before, we see Cain and Abel offering sacrifices.  From that time onward, these sacrifices could be seen in all the ancient societies.  I believe Cain and Abel were instructed by God when it comes to these sacrifices.  As time went on, these practices got distorted into pagan worship. God is now redeeming, or consecrating these practices for Himself.


Everything associated with the tabernacle was to be consecrated to the Lord God.  It was so God could "dwell among Israel."  This is the ultimate reason for these things you see in these chapters in Exodus.  It is actually the ultimate goal of God, that is, to live with and among His people.  This is what finally happens at the end of the book of Revelation.


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