About Jesus Steve Sweetman
Plot To Destroy The Jews (ch. 3:1 - 15)
verses 1 and 2 we see the name Haman.
He is the son of Hammedatha, and Agagite.
It is the general thinking, but not all hold to this, that the
name Agagite here refers to King Agag of the Amalekites.
Exodus 17:8 - 16 states that the Amalekites were cursed by God
because of the trouble they were to Israel. The Amalekites were
constant enemies of Israel. King Saul was to kill all
of them which he did for the most part, but, he did not kill their king,
King Agag. (1 Samuel 15:8) King
Saul's days were about 600 years prior to the time of these events in
Esther. Agag is a common
name among the Amalekite kings. Like
Pharaoh is to Egyptian kings. Amalekites
were descendents of Esau. No
wonder they were Israel's enemy.
for some reason, probably in God's divine plan for nations, Xerxes made
Haman second in command in all of
verses 3 and 4 certain officials went to Haman to ask what should be
done with Mordecai since he didn't bow down to him.
It appears to me, and I could be wrong, that Haman didn't seem to
know that Mordecai didn't bow down to him.
This might have been possible if Haman was in a large public
crowd. Maybe he would not
have seen Mordecai not bow down. Whatever
the case, Haman knows now, and from this point on, Haman keeps an eye
open for Mordecai and sees him not bowing.
was "enraged" when he heard that Mordecai didn't bow down in
honor before him. I think
this makes it clear. Haman
didn't know prior to this that Mordecai didn't bow down and give honor,
so, when he finally finds out, he is very upset.
7 tells us that Haman was so enraged that killing Mordecai alone didn't
satisfy his rage. He looked
for a way to kill all the Jews in
verse 7 we see that the events of this chapter take place in the twelfth
year of King Xerxes. Esther
would have been queen for about 5 years at this point.
happening in verse 7 is this. "Purs"
(equivalent to jour lots or dice) were cast to see when the
extermination of the Jews should take place.
The lots fell on the month of Adar, which is our March.
Each year in March, many Jews celebrate the Feast of Purim.
This feast has nothing to do with the Law of Moses.
It is not a feast dictated by the Lord.
It is a feast in celebration of the deliverance of
the day to kill the Jews had been established, Haman went to Xerxes and
suggested that he make a decree to kill the Jews, as seen in verses 8
and 9. The reason Haman
gives the king is because the Jews are a separate race from the rest of
excuse to kill the Jews as seen in verses 8 and 9 might well be
exaggerated. I would not put
it past Haman to do such a thing. Remember,
these Jews had the opportunity to return to
we see here is a good picture of Christians today.
We, like the Jews here,
are scattered all over the world, and, like the Jews, we follow our own
traditions. We donít
always fall in line with government and society.
We are separate and distinct from others, or, at least we should
be. Our problem is that we
aren't separate and distinct as we should be.
tells the king that he will throw in ten thousand talents of silver.
That's about 375 tons of silver.
Scholars over the years have wondered how and where Haman would
get that kind of money. Some
suggest it would all come from the Jews.
After they were all killed, all of the possessions would be
gathered for Haman and his soldiers.
I don't know how they figure this, but some claim that 375 tons
of silver was roughly two thirds of the whole year's economy of
see in verses 10 and 11 that Xerxes took off his signet ring and gave it
to Haman. These rings were
often used as stamps, much like our ink pads.
They would be used in the sealing of the king's decree. We see
this in verse 12. From this
point to the end of the chapter we see that this decree was written out
and sealed with the king's ring and sent to all parts of Persia. The Jews would all be
killed on what we know as March 13.
last phrase of this chapter tells us that Xerxes and Haman sat down and
drank. I suggest this was a
drink to celebrate the decree. The
two men were happy, and probably became more happier with the more wine
19 states that those in Susa, the capital city, were bewildered.
Remember, this was all a vendetta by one man.
Haman wanted to kill all the Jews just because one man, Mordecai,
wouldn't bow to him. I think
this is what confused the general public. The
general public might well have had no problem with the Jews.