About Jesus Steve Sweetman
Note that in verse 1 we
see additions to the covenant God made with Israel
Note here that this is
indeed a covenant. This is
not an extension of the Abrahamic Covenant.
It is a separate covenant altogether.
There are major differences between the two covenants.
The man differences are as follows. In the Abrahamic Covenant,
God covenanted with Himself, not with Abraham or Israel. In this covenant, known as
the Mosaic Covenant, God covenanted with Israel. The Abrahamic Covenant was unconditional.
God would eventually fulfill the covenant, no matter what Israel
did. The Mosaic Covenant was
conditional. If Israel
would obey, God would bless. If
would not obey, God would curse. The
Abrahamic Covenant was eternal. The
Mosaic Covenant ended with Jesus for the purpose of salvation and
Verse 4 states that to
this date, the Lord had not given Israel
understanding, eyes to really see, or ears to really here.
There are two things to note here.
One is that it is the Lord that gives understanding to Israel, and I would say to the Christian as well.
The things of God are spiritual and can only be totally
understood with the help of the Holy Spirit.
The carnal minded man cannot understand the things of God.
That is the point to what Paul states in Romans 7 and 8.
The second thing to note
is, "when did, or, when will, God give Israel
might be debatable. Some
might suggest that the Law brought understanding, but I'm not sure of
that. It brought knowledge,
but understanding, I'm not sure. Besides,
There are many passages
in the Torah that give reasons for the forty year exile of Israel
in the desert. One reason is
given in verse 6. It was so
Note in verse 11 that
aliens lived among the Jews. This
is nothing new. God provided
for Gentiles to live among the Jews provided they live as Jews and obey
Him, just as the Jews were to obey Him.
This tells us that God had always had the Gentiles in mind when
it came to them being part of God's people. Yes, God did take Israel
from the nations of the world to be His people, but, individual Gentiles
could also join the Israelis as long as they obeyed the Law of Moses and
lived like Israelis.
In verse 12 the text
specifically states that the Mosaic Covenant was made between God and Israel. It was an agreement
between those two parties, unlike the Abrahamic Covenant.
Remember, when God confirmed the covenant with Abraham, He put
Abraham to sleep. In fact,
God made the Abrahamic Covenant with Himself, not to Abraham.
Not so with the Mosaic Covenant.
It is important to realize that these are two separate and
Note in verses 13 to 15
that Moses introduces the Abrahamic Covenant, or, oath, as he puts it.
The particular aspect of the Abrahamic Covenant that Moses points
out is that Yahweh would be their God forever, and not only the God of
those Jews, but the God of future Jews as well.
This is because the Abrahamic Covenant was an eternal covenant.
There was no end to it. Jews
in the future would have Yahweh as their God just as Moses had Yahweh as
Verse 19 is relevant for
today. Moses had just told
Verse 20 states that God
"will blot out the name" of the one who worships other gods
"from under heaven". Some
suggest that this verse tells us that God will, and can, blot peoples
names out of His record book, or what some call, "the book of
life'. Well, this verse
doesn't actually say that. The
name of the person is simply "blotted out under heaven".
The text does not say the name is blotted out of any book.
This might well simply suggest the death of the one who worships
false gods, never to be recognized again under the heavens.
If you read verses 22 to
24 you will note that the curses on the
In verse 25 to 28 we see
some of the reasoning on God's part for sending Israel
from their land and making it desolate.
It was a curse on them, but it was also meant to show all the
nations of the world that their God was punishing them for worshipping
This all began to take
place in 70 A.D.. You might
ask, "was Israel
really worshipping other gods when Jesus was on earth"?
Is that why God cursed Israel
in 70 A.D.. That is part of
the reason. The big reason
for God cursing Israel
in 70 A.D. was because she rejected Jesus, but still they were not
worshipping their God as they should have been.
They were in fact worshipping their own man made religion, which
in one sense is another god. Israeli
leaders had added so many traditions to the Law of Moses that they made
God's covenant ineffective, thus, worshiping another god, a god they
made up. No, it wasn't a
gold calf, but it sure wasn't Yahweh.
In verse 29 we see secret
things and things that aren't secret.
The Law was revealed from God to Israel. That was no secret, yet
there are so many things that are secret concerning God.
He is way beyond our ability to understand.
He does, and has, revealed things to us that we can understand.
Jesus of course, is the biggest and final revelation of God.
When we see Jesus, in one sense of the word, we see God.
Hebrews 1:3 states that Jesus is the exact representation of God.