About Jesus Steve Sweetman
The Abrahamic Covenant And Prophetic History
To Romans 9 Through 11
9 through 11 concerns Israel's past, present, and future. Yes,
9:5 says the Jews had all the advantages in the world when it came to
the things of God because they had the "divine covenants".
That's "covenants" plural.
God promised more to
All The Descendents Of
Romans 9:6 Paul makes a statement that those who believe Israel has no
more place in prophetic history jump on and run with.
He says, "not all who are descendents of Israel
in chapter 11 Paul explains this by using an olive tree as an analogy.
Jews were branches on this tree, and those Jews who had no faith
were cut off from the tree and replaced by Gentiles who had faith. This
may sound like "Replacement Theology", but it's not. This is
still a Jewish tree. This
wasn't a new concept. The
inclusion of Gentiles into the family of God was permitted in the Law of
Moses. Abraham also had
Gentiles under his authority circumcised. (Genesis 17:12)
people think God uprooted this Jewish tree and planted a new generic
tree they call "spiritual Israel", or the church. They then
reinterpret all Old Testament passages referring to
Reckoned Offspring – Romans 9:7
2 of my 13 promises as stated in Genesis 21:12 says that "through
Isaac your offspring would be reckoned".
Paul says this has been fulfilled. Abraham's
elderly wife Sarah gave birth to a miracle son named Isaac just as God
promised. Abraham also had a
son named Ishmael by Sarah's servant Hagar.
The promised offspring which we've learned is Jesus would come
through Isaac's lineage, not Ishmael's.
word "reckon" is translated from a Greek word meaning "to
call". In short, the
promised offspring, or Jesus, would be born from, or "called out
of" the lineage of Isaac, just as Jesus was, and just as God
People Who Aren't His – Romans 9:22 – 29
Gentiles are now part of the descendents of Abraham if they have faith
in Jesus. Paul confirms this
by quoting from Hosea 2:23; "'I will call them my people who are
not my people." This
sounds like "Replacement Theology", but it's not.
It's simply the inclusion of believing Gentiles into the
descendents of Abraham. There's
a difference between replacing and including.
verse 27 Paul quotes from Isaiah 10:22 and 23. Isaiah said that even
though the descendents of Abraham would be as many as the sand by the
sea, only a remnant would be saved.
Not all Jews throughout history will be saved.
Only a future remnant of Jews will be saved, but saved they will
be. If there is yet to be a
saved remnant, God isn't finished with the Jews.
isn't saying God has replaced
Faith Of Abraham – Romans 10
a detailed explanation of these three chapters you can read my
commentary on the book of Romans. http://stevesweetman.com/commentarylist.htm
10 is about faith, the preaching of the gospel, and the expansion of the
descendents of Abraham.
Romans 11:1 Paul asks, "did God reject His people?"
This is a logical question after what he has said about the
influx of Gentiles into the family of Abraham.
Some might have thought that God was scrapping the Jews and
replacing them with Christian Gentiles, but that's not so.
When Paul uses the words "His people" in this context,
it's in reference to Abraham's descendents as understood in Old
Testament terms. This isn't
verse 11 Paul asks, "did the Jews stumble as to fall beyond
recovery?" The answer
is "no". Abraham's
descendents will recover, and if that is so, she still has a future
beyond the date of Paul's writing. The
recovery still hasn't happened. So
God is not finished with Israel. Besides, verse 24 says
Jews can be grafted back into their olive tree again.
25 and 26 is the climax of these three chapters.
That's why we can't stop reading at Romans 9:6.
Paul says, "I do not want you to be ignorant
11:26 quotes from Isaiah and Jeremiah; "the deliverer will come
from Zion; He will turn godlessness away from Jacob.
And this is my covenant with them when I will take away their
sins." God will turn
the Jews from their sin because He promised Himself that would be so in
the Abrahamic Covenant of Genesis 15.
a Jewish context, verse 29 states that "God's gifts and calls are
irrevocable". God will
not revoke, change, or redefine the terms of the Abrahamic Covenant.
He has, and He will fulfill all His promises as they were
originally meant to be understood. He
will do this on His own, without help from anyone.
still has prophetic significance as a nation of people, even though she
is still lost in her sins.