About Jesus Steve Sweetman
Abrahamic Covenant In Prophetic History
is an important man in history. Christians,
Jews, and Muslims, all claim close association with him.
What I say about Abraham, and especially God's promises spoken to
him, may be a bit detailed for some people, but it's important if you
want to understand the message of both the Old and New Testament.
God's promises to Abraham are first seen in Genesis 12, and then
thread their way to the last chapter of Revelation.
God promised Abraham is commonly known as the "Abrahamic
term "Replacement Theology" is important to the discussion
concerning the Abrahamic Covenant.
Replacement Theology teaches that all the promises that God spoke
to Abraham, and subsequently to
be clear, I do not believe in Replacement Theology, and I will show you
why in the following pages. In
my opinion, the whole debate over Israel's place in prophecy hinges on how
you understand the
Covenant. In other
words, how you understand the promises God spoke to Abraham will determine how you
understand what the Bible says about prophetic history and the end of
to Biblical prophecy will often begin their study of prophecy with the
book of Revelation, but really, that should be the last place to begin.
To the degree you understand Old Testament prophecies, and
especially the Abrahamic Covenant, will be the degree you understand
Galatians 3:16 the Apostle Paul spoke of "promises" God made
to Abraham. It's important
to know that God promised Abraham more than one thing, on more than one
you compare the promises of the Abrahamic Covenant written in the NIV
Bible with that which is written in the KJV Bible you will notice a difference to whom
the promises were directed. The
NIV states that there are 3 recipients of the covenant while the KJV
states there are 2 recipients of the covenant.
The NIV says that Abraham, his offspring, and his descendents are
the recipients of the promises. The
KJV says that Abraham and his seed are recipients of the promises.
This difference has created many problems for those who attempt
to understand what this covenant is all about.
It has caused the difference in thinking between those who
embrace Replacement Theology and those who don't.
the KJV and the NIV state that Abraham is a valid recipient of the
promises. Beyond that the
KJV states that Abraham's "seed" is also a recipient of the
promises while the NIV states that both Abraham's "offspring"
and his "descendents" are recipients of the promises.
What the NIV does that the KJV doesn't do is to allow the context
of a verse to establish whether to use the singular noun
"offspring" or the plural noun "descendents"
in a particular verse. If this sounds too technical for you, please keep reading.
Understanding this issue will help you understand the Abrahamic
Covenant and Biblical prophecy.
are the promises God spoke to Abraham as seen in the NIV.
They are listed as they occur in the book of Genesis. I
insert the word "seed" in brackets as it appears in the KJV.
will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you; I will make
your name great, and you will be a blessing.
I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you, I will
curse; and all the peoples on earth will be blessed through you."
- Genesis 12:2 and 3
your offspring (seed) I will give this land." - Genesis 12:7
"Look north to south, and east to west.
All the land you see will be given to you and your offspring
(seed) forever." - Genesis 13:14 - 15
man will not be your heir, but a son coming from your own body will be
your heir … Look up at the
heavens and count the stars, if indeed you can count them … So shall
your offspring (seed) be ... I
am the Lord who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans to give you this
land and take possession of it."
your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own, and they
will be enslaved and mistreated four hundred years.
But I will punish the nation they serve as slaves, and afterwards
they will come out with great possessions … you
however will go to your fathers in peace …" - Genesis 15:13 - 14
that day the Lord made a covenant with Abraham and said, 'to your
descendents I will give this land. From the
will confirm my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase
your numbers … As for me; this is my covenant with you: you will be
the father of many nations. No
longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have
made you a father of many nations. I
will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you and kings will
come from you. I will
establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and
your descendents after you for the generations to come, to be your God
and the God of your descendants after you.
said … your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him
Isaac. I will establish my
covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendents after
him … my covenant I will establish with Isaac …" - Genesis 17:19
will surely return to you this time next year, and your wife Sarah will
have a son." (Genesis 18:10, also in verse 14)
will surely become a great and powerful nation and all nations of the
earth will be blessed through him …" - Genesis 18:17 and 18
It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned."
will surely bless you and make your descendents as numerous as the stars
in the sky and as the sand on the seashore.
Your descendents will take possession of the cities of their
enemies, and through your offspring (seed) all nations on the earth will
be blessed …" - Genesis 22:17 - 18
count 13 main promises God spoke to Abraham. I've
placed them in three categories.
1 - Promises To Abraham
- that it would be through Isaac that his offspring or
- that he'd be a great nation - Genesis 12:2 - 3, 18:18
- that he'd be the father of many nations, not just
- that these promises would be forever and that He'd
– that he'd die in peace at an old age - Genesis 15:15
2 - Promises to Abraham's descendents
promised Abraham's descendents:
- that the number of his descendents would be as
- that his descendents would inherit a specific piece of
- that his descendents would be freed from four
- that his descendents would possess the cities
3 - Promises to Abraham's offspring
promised Abraham's offspring;
- a certain piece of land to Abraham's offspring that
- that his offspring would number as many as the
- that all nations of the earth would be blessed
are specific promises directed to 3 specific
recipients. You will notice that
promises relating to land, numbers, and greatness are promised to both
Abraham's descendents and also to his offspring.
This is important because Paul teaches us that descendents are
not the same as offspring. I'll
is an important point that I have to address before I go any farther.
I have just said that there are 3 recipients to the Abrahamic
I say this based on the NIV Bible.
If you read the KJV Bible you will note that there are only 2
recipients to the Abrahamic Covenant.
They are Abraham and his seed.
This is an important issue, because in part, I believe this is
where much of our present confusion stems from.
are 2 theological positions concerning the Abrahamic Covenant.
One states there are 2 recipients of the covenant while the other
states there are 3 recipients.
When I explain Galatians 3:15 to 18 where Paul says there are 2
recipients of the covenant, this becomes an issue that needs
Hebrew word "zera" is translated as both "offspring" and
"descendents" in the NIV while in the KJV its only translated
as "seed." The KJV does not translate "zera" as
"descendents" anywhere in Genesis as the NIV does.
Why is this so?
NIV translates "zera" in some places as "offspring"
(singular) and in other places as "descendents" (plural) based
on the context in which "zera" is used. It's obvious
that the plural "descendents" refers to
depending on what translation of the Bible you prefer, might well
determine what theological position you hold to concerning the Abrahamic
end this chapter with a point which may confuse some of you who aren't
familiar with Galatians 3.
Paul says the word "seed" is singular in Galatians
says that "seed" (singular) refers to Jesus.
In Galatians 3:29 he uses the word "seed" again in its
singular form when he says that if you (plural in Greek) belong to
Christ, then you (plural in Greek) are Abraham's seed (singular in
Greek) and are heirs (plural in Greek) of the promise.
In verse 16 the "seed" is in reference to Jesus while
in verse 29 it is in reference to those in Christ.
This tells me that Paul thought there were 2 distinct recipients
of the covenant beyond Abraham himself that being Jesus and Israel,
which includes New Testament believers in Jesus. Despite the
assertion of some, I believe Paul understood that there were 3
recipients of the Abrahamic Covenant.
covenant is normally an agreement between two people.
though most modern translations of Genesis 15:18 states that God made a
covenant with Abraham, contextually speaking, that was not the case.
God did make promises to Abraham as stipulated in the covenant,
but, the ratification and thus the implementation of these promises had
nothing to do with Abraham. If
you read Genesis 15 you will see the process by which God confirmed the
promises in a ritual that was common practice back then.
asked Abraham to prepare all that was necessary for this ritual, but
once everything was in place, God put Abraham into a deep sleep.
Abraham wasn't even awake when the agreement was ratified. So,
if Abraham wasn't awake to sign on and agree to the covenant, whom did
God make the covenant with?
made the covenant with Himself. Hebrews
6:13 and 14 states that there was no one greater than God to whom God
could confirm the covenant. So,
God confirmed it with Himself.
Being the ultimate authority over all things, He agreed with
Himself to fulfill all aspects of the covenant.
God alone is responsible to follow through on each and every
promise He made to Abraham. Abraham
had no part in the ratification process.
So, he, nor anyone else, has any part in making sure the covenant
is ultimately realized. Abraham's
part was to simply trust God that He would be true to His word and keep
His promises. Romans 9:16
states that the implementation of God's plans do not depend on man's
ability but on God's ability and mercy.
We can be sure of that.
point is this. God will keep
the promises He spoke to Abraham as Abraham would have understood them,
not as those who have reinterpreted them to mean something different
today. Many of the promises
have already been fulfilled and those remaining will be realized.
You can count on that.
is all this important? One
reason why this unilateral agreement is important is because the New
Covenant of salvation works the same way.
There is nothing we can do to bring about God's promise of
salvation. God chose to work
that out Himself, and He will make sure it's completed.
We simply trust that God will do as He promised, just as Abraham
trusted God would do as He promised.
reason why this is important is because some people think that the
unfaithfulness of Abraham's descendents Israel
nullified the promises made to Abraham.
It's like God redefined the terms of the covenant in mid stream
when He didn't like what Abraham's grandkids were doing.
God did not redefine anything, and neither should we as some do.
should expect the Abrahamic Covenant to be
view states that God's promises directed to and meant specifically for
Abraham have been fulfilled.
For example, God promised Abraham that he would live to an old
did live to an old age.
No one disagrees with that.
view holds that promises directed to Abraham's descendents (
after the glory days of King David,
view holds that all the promises originally directed
no part in this blessing. The Promised Land promised
Israel's nationhood becomes spiritualized into
holding to this view thus reinterpret all the Old Testament prophecies
directed to Israel. Prophecy
in the Old Testament concerning Israel
has been reinterpreted to be directed to the church.
This view states that the church has replaced
view states that what God promised Abraham,
This view is simpler to understand, more literal in nature, and I think more hermeneutically balanced. I will proceed to explain why I think this view to be the correct view.
has been a long journey for me when it comes
It took years of bouncing back and forth between these two views. At times I gave up trying to figure it out, only to feel compelled to return to some kind of personal conviction. By the early 1990's I began to be convinced that God was not finished with Israel. By 2001 I was convinced that Israel has eternal significance in the mind of God.
had a son by his wife Sarah. You can put a checkmark beside
promise number 1 on my list of 13 promises spoken by God to Abraham.
Abraham died in peace as an old man. Put a checkmark beside
promise 6. Abraham didn't get to see the fulfillment of the other
promises in his lifetime. Even though the promises were spoken to
him, they were specifically directed to his descendents and to his
are two important questions we need to address at this point.
When did, or when will, all the promises be spoken by God to
Abraham be fulfilled? Were
the promises that weren't fulfilled in Abraham's life time directed
towards Abraham's descendents, or towards his special offspring, or
towards both? How you answer
these questions will determine how you view Biblical prophecy.
It may even effect how you vote in a national election. Let's
see what the Apostle Paul has to say about this.
of what Paul taught in Romans 1:1 to 3:20 states that both Jew and
Gentile are in the same boat when it comes to sin.
Even though Jews had many advantages over the Gentiles concerning
the things of God, they were just as wicked as Gentiles.
argument shifts gears in Romans 3:21.
He says that there is "now a righteousness from God that is
apart from law."
The word "now" might suggest that this is something
new, but Paul says it's not new.
Abraham experienced this righteousness way back in his lifetime.
is the state of being in which one is perfectly right in the essence of
who he is, just as God Himself is perfectly right in the essence of who
Righteousness is more than just doing right things.
It's being right.
tells us that if we trust our lives with Jesus, God declares us as being
in this state of perfect rightness.
I like to say it this way.
Trust your life with Jesus and God will view you as being
perfectly right even as He is perfectly right, even though you are far
from perfectly right.
Paul says that this state of being perfectly right is a free gift from God to both Jew and Gentile upon trusting one's life with Jesus. We can't earn this state of being righteous. We can not work to obtain it. It is freely given to us upon handing our lives over to the Lord Jesus Christ.
Paul brings Abraham into the discussion in Romans 4:3. He says that Abraham believed what God promised and thus he was declared to be righteous. Paul quotes directly from Genesis 15:6 and 22 where we read the ratification of the Abrahamic Covenant. God viewed Abraham as being in this state of perfect rightness even though he was far from righteous, and why? It's because Abraham trusted what he heard God tell him. For this reason alone God declared Abraham to be a righteous man. The same is true for us today. When we trust God, trust what He has done for us and promised us, we are declared righteous, even though we are not righteous.
letter to the Galatians a short version of his letter to the Romans.
One major theme in both letters is that God declares a person as
being righteous when he trusts his life with Jesus.
Paul vented his Holy Spirit led frustration with the believers at
teachers were enticing these believers to obey the Law of Moses.
Only then could God declare them to be righteous.
That meant adult Gentile men had to be circumcised in order to be
declared righteous by God.
Imagine a grown man getting circumcised back then. These
false teachers were actually spying on the Galatian men to see who was
or who was not circumcised.
I wonder what covert spy techniques were employed to obtain this
Galatians 3:15 Paul said that if a human covenant can't be broken,
neither can God's covenants be broken.
In context, the covenant Paul had in mind was the Abrahamic
then made a statement in verse 16 that Christians have argued over for
"The promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed.
The Scripture does not say and 'to seeds,' meaning many people,
but, 'to your seed,' meaning one person who is Christ." Paul
said that the promises God spoke to Abraham were promised to both
Abraham and to his one seed who he said is Jesus.
Greek word translated as "seed" and "seeds" in this
verse is "sperma."
Our English word "seed" can either be a singular noun
or a plural noun.
Paul claimed that the word "sperma" in this particular
instance is a singular noun and thus can only refer to one man, meaning
Jesus, not to many people, meaning
to Paul in Galatians 3:16 God made promises to Abraham and Jesus, but,
when you read the Genesis account in the NIV Bible you see that God
promised certain things to Abraham, his descendents Israel, and his
offspring who Paul said is Jesus. The
KJV differs from the NIV in this respect.
The KJV says that God promised certain things to Abraham and his
seed who Paul said is Jesus.
This discrepancy has divided Christians into two camps.
One camp says there are two recipients of the promises while the
other camp says there are three recipients.
What camp you are in will determine your views of prophetic
3 concerns God declaring us as being righteous when we put our trust in
Everything Paul said in this chapter is in support of this fact.
Galatians 3 is not an exposition of the Abrahamic Covenant with a
detailed explanation of its promises.
Paul only referred to the Abrahamic Covenant to help explain that
we are declared righteous by faith and not by works.
No specific promise, like the promise of land or Israel's national greatness is addressed in Galatians 3.
Paul covers those issues in Romans 9 through 11.
You cannot, therefore, build, or begin to build, your doctrine of
the Abrahamic Covenant solely on Galatians 3.
specific problem comes down to how we are to understand the word
"seed" that is found in both the NIV and the KJV in Galatians
problem is complicated further when you go back to the Genesis account
that Paul references.
If you read each promise in the NIV you will note that some
promises are directed towards Abraham while others are directed towards
either Abraham's "descendants" or his "offspring"
who we now know is Jesus.
The word "seed" is not found in the NIV.
It is found in the KJV when it says that the promises are
directed to only Abraham and to his "seed" who Paul says is
word "seed" in English can either be a singular noun or a
plural noun, a distinction that cannot be seen in the KJV usage of the
When you read the Genesis account in the KJV with Paul's
understanding of the seed being Jesus you will believe that the word
"seed" is always in reference to Jesus and never in reference
to Israel. You,
therefore, believe that only Abraham and Jesus are recipients of God's
is excluded from the promises.
Genesis, the Hebrew word "zera" is translated as
"seed" in the KJV and either "descendents" plural or
"offspring" singular in the NIV.
This is the crux of the matter.
NIV translators have studied the context to determine whether the Hebrew
word "zera" should be translated as the singular noun
"offspring" or a plural noun "descendents."
They have determined that in some instances the word
"zera" is plural, thus they translate it as
In other places they have determined "zera" to be
singular thus they translate it as "offspring."
The KJV does not make this distinction.
Therefore, the NIV states that there are three recipients of the
covenant, Abraham, his descendents, and his offspring.
on what version of the Bible you prefer will determine your view of the
Abrahamic Covenant. Those
preferring the KJV believe only Abraham and Jesus are recipients of the
covenant, leaving Israel
out of the picture and thus out of prophetic history.
Others, like me, who prefer the NIV rendering of the Genesis
account believe the context tells us that both Jesus and
us now see what Paul said about the nation of Israel
in Romans 9 through 11.
This passage is vital to our understanding concerning the
9 through 11 concerns Israel's past, present, and future. We
learn from Romans 9:2 that Paul was in "great sorrow and unceasing
anguish" over Israel's rejection of Jesus. I
believe Paul's sorrow reflects the heart of God for His chosen nation.
begins this section of Romans with the sad and depressing fact that his
own people have rejected their Messiah but he ends this section on a
happier note. Romans 9 through 11 was meant to encourage both Jew and
Gentile Christians that
In Romans 9:5 Paul said that the Jews had all the advantages in the world when it comes to the things of God. They had the "divine covenants." Notice the NIV uses the plural word "covenants." Some original manuscripts have "covenant" singular. Whatever the case, there is more than one covenant found in the Old Testament. There is the Abrahamic Covenant, the Mosaic Covenant, the Davidic Covenant, as well as the prophetic promises in support of these covenants. It is the Abrahamic Covenant that Paul is addressing in this section of Romans.
Romans 9:6 Paul made a statement that those who believe Israel has no
more place in prophetic history jump on and run with.
He said, "Not all who are descendents of
Romans 11 Paul explained what he was talking about by using an olive
tree as an analogy. He said
that the olive tree is a Jewish tree.
Those Jews who had no faith in Jesus were cut out of the tree and
replaced by Gentiles who had faith in Jesus. This may sound like
"Replacement Theology" but it's not. This
is still a Jewish tree. It's
not a Gentile tree as much of church history has made it out to be.
The inclusion of Gentiles into the family of God isn't new. It was permitted in the Law of Moses. Abraham himself had Gentiles under his authority circumcised (Genesis 17:12) so they could be considered part of God's chosen people.
people believe that God uprooted this Jewish tree and planted a brand
new generic Gentile tree they call "Spiritual Israel," or the
church. They then
reinterpret all Old Testament promises and prophecies referring to Israel
as referring to Spiritual Israel, the church.
That may sound logical, but it's bad hermeneutics.
If you keep reading Romans you will see that Paul believed that
number 2 of the 13 promises found in the Abrahamic Covenant that I
listed in an earlier chapter as stated in Genesis 21:12 says this.
"Through Isaac your offspring would be reckoned."
Paul repeats this promise in Romans 9:7 when he said that
this promise has been fulfilled. Abraham's
elderly wife Sarah miraculously gave birth to a son named Isaac just as
Abraham also had a son named Ishmael by Sarah's servant Hagar.
The promised offspring which we have learned is Jesus would come
through Isaac's lineage, not Ishmael's lineage.
Hebrew word "qara" is translated as "reckon" in
Genesis while the Greek word "kaleo" is translated as
"reckoned" in the New Testament, which includes here in Romans
words mean "to call" or "to name."
In short, the promised offspring, or Jesus, would be called out
from or born in the lineage of, Isaac, just as Jesus was, and just as
God promised Abraham. This
is what the phrase "reckoned offspring" means in Romans 9:7.
believing Gentiles are now understood to be descendents of Abraham.
Paul confirms this by quoting Hosea 2:23.
"I will call them my people who are not my people." Again,
this sounds like "Replacement Theology" but it's not.
It's just the inclusion of believing Gentiles into the
descendents of Abraham. There
is a difference between replacing Israelis with Gentiles and including
Gentiles into the family of Israel.
an aside, I point out something that many miss concerning this Hosea
If you read Hosea 2 you will note that the people who are not
God's people but will some day be called God's people are not Gentiles
as Paul suggests here in Romans.
They are backslidden Israelis who God has divorced, but, to be
true to His promise to Abraham, will bring back into His fold.
So, why would Paul misappropriate Hosea 2:23?
The general thinking seems to be that Paul would have understood
the context of Hosea 2 to be talking about backslidden Jews and not
He was just saying that if God can reinstate backslidden Jews
into Israel He could certainly include believing Gentiles into Israel.
Romans 9:27 Paul quoted from Isaiah 10:22 and 23. Isaiah said that even
though the descendents of Abraham would be as many as the sand by the
sea, only a remnant would be saved.
Not all Jews throughout history will be saved.
Only a future remnant of Jews will be saved, but saved they will
be, suggesting that God isn't finished with the Jews.
isn't saying God has replaced
Christians should see themselves as being branches grafted into this
A people who were once not God's people, now are His people. Most
Christians in the western world fail to see themselves in this Jewish
We have westernized our Jewish heritage out of existence.
For this reason, Replacement Theology has dominated Christian
thinking throughout the centuries.
10 concerns faith in Jesus and the preaching of the gospel, especially
as it relates to Abraham and his descendents
Romans 10 ends with a quote from Isaiah 65:2. "All day long I (God) have held out my hands to a disobedient and obstinate people." That's a depressing thought to end this chapter on but as we read on into chapter 11 we see that Israel has a better future when it comes to faith in Jesus and its place in prophetic history. Paul's desire as expressed back in verse 1 will be realized at the end of this age.
Romans 11:1 Paul asks this question.
"Did God reject His people?"
This is a logical question to ask after what he has said about
the influx of Gentiles into the family of Abraham and the lack of faith
on behalf of Israel. Some might have thought
that God was scrapping the Jews and replacing them with Christian
Gentiles, but that's not so. When
Paul uses the words "His people" in this context, it's in
reference to Abraham's descendents as understood in Old Testament terms.
It's in reference to ethnic
Israelis. It is not in
reference to the so-called Spiritual Israel, the church, as those
holding to Replacement Theology say.
verse 11 Paul asks another question. "Did
the Jews stumble as to fall beyond recovery?"
The answer is clearly "no."
Abraham's descendents Israel
will recover from their fall, and that being the case, means Israel
still has historic and prophetic significance in the mind of God.
This recovery is yet to come.
Beyond any doubt, God is not finished with Israel. Besides, verse 24 says
that Jews can be grafted back into their olive tree again.
25 and 26 are the climax of Romans 9, 10, and 11.
Paul says, "I do not want you to be ignorant … Israel
has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the
Gentiles have come in. And
so all Israel
will be saved." Allow
me, thus, to suggest that those who hold to Replacement Theology might
be ignorant, or, misinformed, of the Biblical facts when it comes to Israel's place in prophetic history.
has gone through
a hardening period in its history in part so that the full number of
Gentiles can be grafted into this Jewish tree.
When the last Gentile is grafted in, this age ends.
as understood in Old Testament terms will repent of its sin of unbelief.
God Himself will pour out a
spirit of repentance and grace on the Jews as promised in Zechariah
12:10 to 14, resulting in their salvation.
11:26 quotes from Isaiah and Jeremiah.
"The deliverer will come from
In a Jewish context, verse 29 states that "God's gifts and calls
irrevocable." God will
not revoke, change, or redefined,
us look at the 13 promises of the Abrahamic Covenant to see if they have
Promises Directed To Abraham
1 - Abraham would have a son through Sarah (Genesis 15:4 – 8, 17:19
– 22, 18:10 and 14). Fulfilled.
2 - Through Isaac Abraham's
offspring (Jesus) would be reckoned.
Fulfilled (Galatians 3:16).
3 - Abraham would be a great and powerful nation (Genesis 12:2 – 3,
18:18). Fulfilled when Jesus
returns to rule the nations from Jerusalem.
4 - Abraham would be the father of many nations, not just one nation
(Genesis 17:3 - 8). Ultimately
fulfilled when Jesus rules the nations on the Throne of David from Jerusalem
5 - God would be Israel's God forever (Genesis 17:3 – 8, 13:14 – 15, 17:19 - 22). Fulfilled
when God pours out a spirit of grace and supplication on
6 - Abraham would die in peace as an old man (Genesis 15:15).
Promises Directed To Abraham's
7 - Abraham's descendents Israel
would number as many as the stars in the sky and the sand by the sea
(Genesis 22:17 – 18). Ultimate
fulfillment during the thousand year rule of Christ on earth that
carries over to the new earth.
8 - Abraham's descendents
9 - Abraham's descendents
10 - Abraham's descendents
Promises Directed To Abraham's
11 - Abraham's offspring Jesus would get a certain piece of land to keep
it forever (Genesis 12:7, 13:14 - 15).
Fulfilled when Jesus returns to His promised land.
12 - Abraham's offspring Jesus will number as many as the sand of the
sea (Genesis 15:4 – 8). Ultimately
fulfilled at Jesus' return.
13 - All nations will be blessed through Abraham's offspring Jesus.
Ultimately fulfilled when Jesus brings peace to the earth during
His thousand year rule of the nations.
who believe Israel
has lost its prophetic and historic significance say that Abraham's
offspring Jesus has fulfilled all of the promises of the Abrahamic
versions of Genesis state that the promises of the covenant are directed
to Abraham, his offspring (Jesus) and his descendents (Israel). The
KJV states that the promises are directed to only Abraham and his
"seed;" the "seed" meaning Jesus.
This has added to the confusion over this issue.
Galatians 3 Paul addressed the singular word "seed" and said
it referred to Jesus.
For this reason Replacement Theologians say the "seed"
of Genesis as seen in the KJV is Jesus, not
biggest problem with Replacement Theology is it makes God out to be a
Abraham understood that he and his descendents
thing to note is that all of the promises concerning Israel's national greatness and land are promised to both Jesus and
promises are linked together because when Jesus returns to earth as the
King of the Jews, Israel
will be that great nation and it will have its land.
Abrahamic Covenant was a covenant that God made with Himself.
He agreed with Himself to fulfill all that He promised Abraham.
There should be no doubt in our minds that He, not the church nor
Israel, will bring these promises to their ultimate fulfillment.
Acts 7:1 to 5 Stephen made reference to the land God promised
Acts 1:6, Jesus' disciples asked, "Are you at this time going to
restore the kingdom to Israel?" Jesus did not deny
would be a kingdom again. He
just told the disciples that they weren't to concern themselves with
this matter at this time.
14:1 says that "The Lord will have compassion on Jacob; once again
He will choose Israel
and will settle them in their own land … the house of Israel
will possess the nations." The
land is literal.
9:15 tells us that once Israelis are back in their land Israel
will never be uprooted again. Israelis
are now back, at least in part of their promised land, and there they
9:6 says that the fulfillment of God's promises don't depend on man's
faithfulness to God, but God's faithfulness to Himself.
All that God promised Abraham will be fulfilled, no matter what
we do or don't do.
you understand the Abrahamic Covenant will determine how you understand
Biblical prophecy. If you