About Jesus Steve Sweetman
Commentary On 2 Peter
This commentary is based on the 1994 edition of the New International Version of the Bible. The chapter titles in my commentary are the same as the NIV chapter titles which makes for easy comparison.
Peter was probably written around 66 or 67 AD, just before Peter was
executed for his faith in the Lord Jesus Christ.
Most scholars say that he was probably executed in and around 68
A. D.. Peter's second letter
was written to the same people that 1 Peter was written to as seen in
chapter 3, verse 1. They
lived in what is now known as
authorship of 2 Peter has been in much dispute over the centuries.
This letter was not accepted into the Canon of Scripture until
the Council of Carthage in 397 A. D.
Many scholars have said that because of its very poor writing
style, especially compared to the writing style from Peterís first
letter, that he most likely did not write this letter.
We know from 1 Peter 5:12 that Silas penned Peter's first letter
for him. Silas penned many
of Paul's letters as well. He
was a very scholarly man, which is seen in his writing style. It's clear
to me and to most people that Silas did not help Peter write his second
letter. Peter might well
have written it himself. That
being said, it has been recently learned that the poor writing style we
see in 2 Peter was a writing style that was used by many in the region
in which Peter was writing to. This
writing style has been called Asianism. This being the case, we should
not make too big of a deal over the poor writing style.
late as the Reformation period people debated the canonicity of 2 Peter.
Martin Luther kept it in the canon of Scripture while John Calvin
thought it shouldn't be part of the canon.
Peter is the most disputed New Testament book.
The earliest known list of New Testament canonized books was in
and around 145 A. D.. The
Marsian listing did not include 2 Peter in the canon of Scripture,
although that's not a real big deal because it didn't include other
books in the list that we would include. The
"Muratorian Fragments", around 170 to 200 A.D. did not include 2 Peter as being
in the canon of Scripture neither. Origen,
in and around 225 A.D. questioned 2 Peter.
In 325 A. D., Eusebius mentioned that 2 Peter was a disputable
book. The fifth century
Syriac translation of the Bible, translated from Aramaic to English, did
not include 2 Peter in its version of the Bible.
so-called problem that some point out concerning 2 Peter is its quotes
from non-canonical writings as if they were inspired by God.
Much could be said on this point, but I will leave it at this.
problem is that 2 Peter and Jude have phrases that are exactly the same.
The suggestion is that one of these men plagiarized the other.
This may be the result of both letters being penned by the same
scribe, who wasn't Silas.
of the reason for this letter is to dispute false teaching.
Many say that Peter was addressing what is known as Antinomianism
Gnosticism". The word
"Antinomian" means "no law".
Those holding to this view believed that all things physical was
sinful and all things spiritual and mental were not sinful.
So, they stressed the importance of knowledge.
Such knowledge was seen as the means to salvation.
Those holding to this view believed they were very special.
They viewed themselves as being the elite.
These Gnostics tended to be immoral because of their view of the
body. They didn't think
their bodies could experience any kind of salvation so they simply gave
into their sinful lust, thus the word "Antinomian", or,
"no law" attached to the word "Gnostic".
Gnosticism is a general term that includes sub groups within
Gnostic thinking, which was basically a part of Greek philosophy.
it comes to Peter's second letter I have a basic presupposition, and
that is I believe Peter wrote second Peter and I believe it should be
part of the canon of Scripture.